Predictors of driving while intoxicated (DWI) among American Indians in the northwest.

W. H. James, B. Hutchison, D. D. Moore, A. J. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This study compares DWI arrest records for American Indians to those of the general population in Washington State. Within the period January 1987 through December 1987, 1,067 American Indians were arrested for DWI. This sample was compared for age, gender, and occupational status to 28,130 total DWI arrestees during the same period. The data indicate that American Indians were the most over-represented population as they were two-and-one-half times as likely to be arrested for DWI, compared to overall DWI arrest population. The population of American Indians arrested for DWI was three times as likely to be unemployed as compared to the resident labor force of all American Indians. This research supports the conclusion that DWI arrests may be viewed as a symptom of alcohol misuse, abuse, or chemical dependency for American Indians, and that a DWI prevention approach should include education, prevention, intervention, treatment, aftercare, and law enforcement efforts that are sensitive to tribal diversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-324
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of drug education
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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