Prediction of human epileptic seizures based on optimization and phase changes of brain electrical activity

Leonidas D. Iasemidis, Panos M. Pardalos, Deng Shan Shiau, Wanpracha Chaovalitwongse, Narayanan Krishnamurthi, Shiv Kumar, Paul R. Carney, J. Chris Sakellares

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The phenomenon of epilepsy, one of the most common neurological disorders, constitutes a unique opportunity to study the dynamics of spatiotemporal state transitions in real, complex, nonlinear dynamical systems. We previously demonstrated that measures of chaos and angular frequency obtained from electroencephalographic (EEG) signals generated by critical sites in the cerebral cortex converge progressively (dynamical entrainment) from the asymptomatic interictal state to the ictal state (seizure) [L.D. Iasemidis, P. Pardalos, J.C. Sackellares and D.-S. Shiau (2001). Quadratic binary programming and dynamical system approach to determine the predictability of epileptic seizures. J. Combinatorial Optimization, 5, 9-26; L.D. Iasemidis, D.-S. Shiau, P.M. Pardalos and J.C. Sackellares (2002). Phase entrainment and predictability of epileptic seizures. In: P.M. Pardalos and J. Principe (Eds.), Biocomputing, pp. 59-84. Kluwer Academic Publishers]. This observation suggests the possibility of developing algorithms to predict seizures. One of the central points of those investigations was the application of optimization theory, specifically quadratic zero-one programming, for the selection of the cortical sites that exhibit preictal dynamical entrainment. In this study we present results from the application of this methodology to the prediction of epileptic seizures. Analysis of continuous, long-term (18-140 h), multielectrode EEG recordings from 5 patients resulted in the prediction of 88% of the impending 50 seizures, on average about 83 min prior to seizure onset, with an average false warning rate of one every 5.26 h. These results suggest that this seizure prediction algorithm performs well enough to be used in diagnostic and therapeutic applications in epileptic patients. Similar algorithms may be useful for certain spatiotemporal state transitions in other physical and biological systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-104
Number of pages24
JournalOptimization Methods and Software
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

Keywords

  • Automated seizure warning algorithm
  • Global optimization
  • Phase change
  • T-index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Optimization
  • Applied Mathematics

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    Iasemidis, L. D., Pardalos, P. M., Shiau, D. S., Chaovalitwongse, W., Krishnamurthi, N., Kumar, S., Carney, P. R., & Sakellares, J. C. (2003). Prediction of human epileptic seizures based on optimization and phase changes of brain electrical activity. Optimization Methods and Software, 18(1), 81-104. https://doi.org/10.1080/1055678021000054998