Prediction and control of brucellosis transmission of dairy cattle in Zhejiang Province, China

Juan Zhang, Gui Quan Sun, Xiang Dong Sun, Qiang Hou, Mingtao Li, Baoxu Huang, Haiyan Wang, Zhen Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brucellosis is a bacterial disease caused by brucella; mainly spread by direct contact transmission through the brucella carriers, or indirect contact transmission by the environment containing large quantities of bacteria discharged by the infected individuals. At the beginning of 21st century, the epidemic among dairy cows in Zhejiang province, began to come back and has become a localized prevalent epidemic. Combining the pathology of brucellosis, the reported positive data characteristics, and the feeding method in Zhejiang province, this paper establishes an SEIV dynamic model to excavate the internal transmission dynamics, fit the real disease situation, predict brucellosis tendency and assess control measures in dairy cows. By careful analysis, we give some quantitative results as follows. (1) The external input of dairy cows from northern areas may lead to high fluctuation of the number of the infectious cows in Zhejiang province that can reach several hundreds. In this case, the disease cannot be controlled and the infection situation cannot easily be predicted. Thus, this paper encourages cows farms to insist on self-supplying production of the dairy cows. (2) The effect of transmission rate of brucella in environment to dairy cattle on brucellosis spreading is greater than transmission rate of the infectious dairy cattle to susceptible cattle. The prevalence of the epidemic is mainly aroused by environment transmission. (3) Under certain circumstances, the epidemic will become a periodic phenomenon. (4) For Zhejiang province, besides measures that have already been adopted, sterilization times of the infected regions is suggested as twice a week, and should be combined with management of the birth rate of dairy cows to control brucellosis spread.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere108592
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 2014

Fingerprint

Brucellosis
Dairies
brucellosis
dairy cattle
China
dairy cows
Brucella
prediction
Feeding Methods
indirect contact
cows
feeding methods
birth rate
Birth Rate
direct contact
dynamic models
control methods
Pathology
Bacteria
Farms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Zhang, J., Sun, G. Q., Sun, X. D., Hou, Q., Li, M., Huang, B., ... Jin, Z. (2014). Prediction and control of brucellosis transmission of dairy cattle in Zhejiang Province, China. PLoS One, 9(11), [e108592]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108592

Prediction and control of brucellosis transmission of dairy cattle in Zhejiang Province, China. / Zhang, Juan; Sun, Gui Quan; Sun, Xiang Dong; Hou, Qiang; Li, Mingtao; Huang, Baoxu; Wang, Haiyan; Jin, Zhen.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 11, e108592, 11.11.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Juan ; Sun, Gui Quan ; Sun, Xiang Dong ; Hou, Qiang ; Li, Mingtao ; Huang, Baoxu ; Wang, Haiyan ; Jin, Zhen. / Prediction and control of brucellosis transmission of dairy cattle in Zhejiang Province, China. In: PLoS One. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 11.
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