Predicting expressed emotion: A study with families of obsessive-compulsive and agoraphobic outpatients

Dianne L. Chambless, Angela D. Bryan, Leona S. Aiken, Gail Steketee, Jill M. Hooley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors used structural equation modeling to examine expressed emotion (EE) in relatives of outpatients with panic disorder with agoraphobia (n = 42) or obsessive-compulsive disorder (n = 60). EE was examined as a function of patients' illness and personality and as a function of characteristics of relatives themselves. EE was operationalized in terms of hostility on the Camberwell Family Interview (C. E. Vaughn & J. P. Leff, 1976) and patients' ratings of their relatives' criticism (perceived criticism). Key findings include the identification of a characteristic of the relative (self-reported angry thoughts, feelings, and behaviors) that is directly linked to both hostility toward the patient and to perceived criticism, as well as a direct path between relatives' low rates of observed problem solving and their hostility toward the patient. Patient Pathology predicted perceived criticism but not observer-rated hostility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-240
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Expressed Emotion
Hostility
Outpatients
Agoraphobia
Panic Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Personality
Emotions
Interviews
Pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Predicting expressed emotion : A study with families of obsessive-compulsive and agoraphobic outpatients. / Chambless, Dianne L.; Bryan, Angela D.; Aiken, Leona S.; Steketee, Gail; Hooley, Jill M.

In: Journal of Family Psychology, Vol. 15, No. 2, 06.2001, p. 225-240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chambless, Dianne L. ; Bryan, Angela D. ; Aiken, Leona S. ; Steketee, Gail ; Hooley, Jill M. / Predicting expressed emotion : A study with families of obsessive-compulsive and agoraphobic outpatients. In: Journal of Family Psychology. 2001 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 225-240.
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