Predicting Adult Temperament From Minor Physical Anomalies

Delroy L. Paulhus, Carol Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is known that in children, individual differences in temperament are linked to rates of minor physical anomalies (MPAs). These anomalies are a standard set of 17 nonobvious but measurable characteristics of the face, hands, and feet. We explored the relation between MPAs and temperament in adults. An intact sample of 88 undergraduates completed a battery of personality tests and lifestyle questions, and then were examined for MPAs. The index of MPAs for each subject was simply the total count out of 17. The results showed a pattern of correlates parallel to that found in children. Among male subjects, correlations with MPAs were significant for the Physical Activity and Clumsiness factors of the lifestyle inventory as well as for measures of emotionality, extraversion, masculinity, femininity, and Type A personality. The MPA index was also predictive of a behavioral index of temperament in male subjects. No correlations were significant among female subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1235-1239
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Temperament
Life Style
Type A Personality
Personality Tests
Femininity
Masculinity
personality test
Individuality
emotionality
Foot
Hand
femininity
Exercise
masculinity
Equipment and Supplies
personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Predicting Adult Temperament From Minor Physical Anomalies. / Paulhus, Delroy L.; Martin, Carol.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 50, No. 6, 06.1986, p. 1235-1239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{054b01dd6686450fbef1144b478c71be,
title = "Predicting Adult Temperament From Minor Physical Anomalies",
abstract = "It is known that in children, individual differences in temperament are linked to rates of minor physical anomalies (MPAs). These anomalies are a standard set of 17 nonobvious but measurable characteristics of the face, hands, and feet. We explored the relation between MPAs and temperament in adults. An intact sample of 88 undergraduates completed a battery of personality tests and lifestyle questions, and then were examined for MPAs. The index of MPAs for each subject was simply the total count out of 17. The results showed a pattern of correlates parallel to that found in children. Among male subjects, correlations with MPAs were significant for the Physical Activity and Clumsiness factors of the lifestyle inventory as well as for measures of emotionality, extraversion, masculinity, femininity, and Type A personality. The MPA index was also predictive of a behavioral index of temperament in male subjects. No correlations were significant among female subjects.",
author = "Paulhus, {Delroy L.} and Carol Martin",
year = "1986",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1037/0022-3514.50.6.1235",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "50",
pages = "1235--1239",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predicting Adult Temperament From Minor Physical Anomalies

AU - Paulhus, Delroy L.

AU - Martin, Carol

PY - 1986/6

Y1 - 1986/6

N2 - It is known that in children, individual differences in temperament are linked to rates of minor physical anomalies (MPAs). These anomalies are a standard set of 17 nonobvious but measurable characteristics of the face, hands, and feet. We explored the relation between MPAs and temperament in adults. An intact sample of 88 undergraduates completed a battery of personality tests and lifestyle questions, and then were examined for MPAs. The index of MPAs for each subject was simply the total count out of 17. The results showed a pattern of correlates parallel to that found in children. Among male subjects, correlations with MPAs were significant for the Physical Activity and Clumsiness factors of the lifestyle inventory as well as for measures of emotionality, extraversion, masculinity, femininity, and Type A personality. The MPA index was also predictive of a behavioral index of temperament in male subjects. No correlations were significant among female subjects.

AB - It is known that in children, individual differences in temperament are linked to rates of minor physical anomalies (MPAs). These anomalies are a standard set of 17 nonobvious but measurable characteristics of the face, hands, and feet. We explored the relation between MPAs and temperament in adults. An intact sample of 88 undergraduates completed a battery of personality tests and lifestyle questions, and then were examined for MPAs. The index of MPAs for each subject was simply the total count out of 17. The results showed a pattern of correlates parallel to that found in children. Among male subjects, correlations with MPAs were significant for the Physical Activity and Clumsiness factors of the lifestyle inventory as well as for measures of emotionality, extraversion, masculinity, femininity, and Type A personality. The MPA index was also predictive of a behavioral index of temperament in male subjects. No correlations were significant among female subjects.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022729975&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0022729975&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-3514.50.6.1235

DO - 10.1037/0022-3514.50.6.1235

M3 - Article

VL - 50

SP - 1235

EP - 1239

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 6

ER -