Predicting abdominal adipose tissue in overweight Latino youth

Geoff D C Ball, Terry T K Huang, Martha L. Cruz, Gabriel Shaibi, Marc J. Weigensberg, Michael I. Goran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. 1) Examine associations between visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAAT), and anthropometric and demographic variables; 2) generate and cross-validate prediction equations for estimating VAT and SAAT in overweight Latino children. Study design. Cross-sectional. Participants. 196 overweight 8-13-year-old Latino youth. Two-thirds (n=131) were randomly assigned to a development group to generate prediction equations for VAT and SAAT; one-third (n=65) was used as a cross-validation group. Methods and procedures. Anthropometric measurements (height, weight, skinfold thicknesses, and circumferences) were performed. VAT and SAAT were measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results. The strongest univariate correlate for VAT was waist circumference (WC) (r=0.65, p<0.01) while the strongest correlate for SAAT was hip circumference (r=0.88, p<0.001). Regression analyses showed ∼50% of the variance in VAT was explained by WC (43.8%), Tanner stage (4.2%) and calf skinfold (1.7%). Variance in the SAAT model was explained by WC (77.8%), triceps skinfold (4.2%) and gender (2.3%). Residual analyses showed no bias in either equation. Though mean differences between measured and predicted VAT and SAAT were small, there was a large degree of variability at the individual level especially for VAT. Conclusions. Both VAT and SAAT prediction equations performed well at the group level, but the relatively high degree of variability suggests limited clinical utility of the VAT equation. MRI is currently required to derive an accurate measure of VAT at the individual level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-216
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Obesity
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Abdominal Fat
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Abdominal Subcutaneous Fat
Hispanic Americans
Waist Circumference
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Skinfold Thickness
Hip
Regression Analysis
Demography

Keywords

  • anthropometry
  • child
  • Hispanic
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • Overweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Ball, G. D. C., Huang, T. T. K., Cruz, M. L., Shaibi, G., Weigensberg, M. J., & Goran, M. I. (2006). Predicting abdominal adipose tissue in overweight Latino youth. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 1(4), 210-216. https://doi.org/10.1080/17477160600913578

Predicting abdominal adipose tissue in overweight Latino youth. / Ball, Geoff D C; Huang, Terry T K; Cruz, Martha L.; Shaibi, Gabriel; Weigensberg, Marc J.; Goran, Michael I.

In: International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2006, p. 210-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ball, Geoff D C ; Huang, Terry T K ; Cruz, Martha L. ; Shaibi, Gabriel ; Weigensberg, Marc J. ; Goran, Michael I. / Predicting abdominal adipose tissue in overweight Latino youth. In: International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. 2006 ; Vol. 1, No. 4. pp. 210-216.
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