Power reduction via macroblock prioritization for power aware H.264 video applications

Michael A. Baker, Viswesh Parameswaran, Karam S. Chatha, Baoxin Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

As the importance of multimedia applications in hand-held devices increases, the computational strain and corresponding demand for energy in such devices continues to grow. Portable multimedia devices with inherently limited energy supplies face tight energy constraints and require optimization for energy conservation. Power-aware applications give their users flexibility to prioritize and trade between performance and battery-life. This paper introduces a power-aware technique for user selectable power reduction in exchange for controlled reductions in video quality for H.264 video streams. The technique uses an encoder-decoder pair. The encoder characterizes video streams and provides information to the decoder via Flexible Macroblock Ordering (FMO) by generating prioritized slice groups. The decoder selectively ignores low priority slice groups based on user selected preference effectively reducing the decoder workload. With a reduced computational requirement, processor voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS) significantly improve decoder power performance within timing constraints. Our PXA270 system implementation resulted in power savings of as much as 53% with an average PSNR per frame of 24dB compared to the unmodified video.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEmbedded Systems Week 2008 - Proceedings of the 6th IEEE/ACM/IFIP International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS 2008
Pages261-266
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
EventEmbedded Systems Week 2008 - 6th IEEE/ACM/IFIP International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS 2008 - Atlanta, GA, United States
Duration: Oct 19 2008Oct 24 2008

Publication series

NameEmbedded Systems Week 2008 - Proceedings of the 6th IEEE/ACM/IFIP International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS 2008

Other

OtherEmbedded Systems Week 2008 - 6th IEEE/ACM/IFIP International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS 2008
CountryUnited States
CityAtlanta, GA
Period10/19/0810/24/08

Keywords

  • Frequency scaling
  • H.264
  • Low power
  • MPEG4
  • Power aware
  • Video
  • Voltage scaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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