Post-Critical Belief Scale and Scripture as Predictors of Prejudice

Richard C. Grove, Deborah Hall, Ayla Rubenstein, Heather K. Terrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Recent research has linked the strength of belief (transcendence) dimension of the Post-Critical Belief Scale (PCBS) and exposure to violent Bible verses to greater prejudice toward value-violating outgroups. Effects of exposure to specific Bible verses on attitudes toward outgroup members have not been measured in combination with the PCBS. The current study examined the two dimensions of the PCBS and exposure to scriptural endorsements of prejudice as predictors of prejudice toward value-violating outgroups. The strength of belief dimension of the PCBS was a significant predictor of attitudes toward atheists, gay men, lesbians, Christians, and highly religious people. Conversely, exposure to scriptural endorsements of prejudice toward atheists and gay individuals did not have a significant effect on levels of prejudice. Implications are discussed in terms of intergroup bias and the religious values conflict model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019



  • fundamentalism
  • intergroup bias
  • prejudice
  • religious values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies

Cite this