Positivity: The Dispositional Basis of Happiness

Gian Vittorio Caprara, Nancy Eisenberg, Guido Alessandri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study examined in a stringent developmental model whether positivity, conceptualized as a pervasive mode of appraising, viewing, and perceiving life from a positive stance, predicts chronic positive affectivity across time or vice versa. Participants [263 participants (47 % males)], aged 15.5 at the beginning of the study and 23.5 at the end, reported on measures of positivity and dispositional positive affect four times. Longitudinal findings corroborated the posited paths of relations, with positivity significantly predicting positive affectivity across time rather than vice versa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 12 2016

Keywords

  • Happiness
  • Longitudinal models
  • Positive affect
  • Positivity
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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