Positive perceptions of parental caring are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms

Linda G. Russek, G. E. Schwartz, I. R. Bell, C. M. Baldwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: In a previous 35-year follow-up investigation to the Harvard Mastery of Stress Study, positive ratings of parental caring obtained in healthy male college students were found to be predictive of substantially reduced disease incidence (including cardiovascular disease, ulcers, and alcoholism) in mid-life. The present cross-sectional study examined the relationship between perceptions of parental caring, current psychiatric and somatic symptoms, and defensiveness, in a University of Arizona sample of females and males. Method: The Harvard Parental Caring Scale (HPCS), the SCL90R, and the Marlowe-Crowne (MC) scale (a measure of defensiveness) were administered to 398 students at the University of Arizona. Results: Cronbach alphas were 83 for HPCS ratings of mothers and .88 for fathers. High HPCS ratings were associated with reduced symptoms reports in both females and males (p < .00002). Ratings of HPCS showed a small correlation with defensiveness (r = .141). The relationship between HPCS and symptoms was strongest in the least defensive subjects. Conclusions: Positive perceptions of love and caring from parents, typically the most important source of social support for children, are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms. Defensiveness may play a protective role psychologically (but not necessarily physiologically) in reducing the conscious awareness of symptoms accompanying low perceptions of parental love and caring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)654-657
Number of pages4
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume60
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Psychiatry
Love
Students
Medically Unexplained Symptoms
Fathers
Social Support
Alcoholism
Ulcer
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
Parents
Mothers
Incidence

Keywords

  • Caring
  • Health
  • Love
  • Social support
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Russek, L. G., Schwartz, G. E., Bell, I. R., & Baldwin, C. M. (1998). Positive perceptions of parental caring are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60(5), 654-657.

Positive perceptions of parental caring are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms. / Russek, Linda G.; Schwartz, G. E.; Bell, I. R.; Baldwin, C. M.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 60, No. 5, 09.1998, p. 654-657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Russek, LG, Schwartz, GE, Bell, IR & Baldwin, CM 1998, 'Positive perceptions of parental caring are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms', Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 654-657.
Russek, Linda G. ; Schwartz, G. E. ; Bell, I. R. ; Baldwin, C. M. / Positive perceptions of parental caring are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms. In: Psychosomatic Medicine. 1998 ; Vol. 60, No. 5. pp. 654-657.
@article{839dee04e5964d168e9aaf21a5ca9bc4,
title = "Positive perceptions of parental caring are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms",
abstract = "Objective: In a previous 35-year follow-up investigation to the Harvard Mastery of Stress Study, positive ratings of parental caring obtained in healthy male college students were found to be predictive of substantially reduced disease incidence (including cardiovascular disease, ulcers, and alcoholism) in mid-life. The present cross-sectional study examined the relationship between perceptions of parental caring, current psychiatric and somatic symptoms, and defensiveness, in a University of Arizona sample of females and males. Method: The Harvard Parental Caring Scale (HPCS), the SCL90R, and the Marlowe-Crowne (MC) scale (a measure of defensiveness) were administered to 398 students at the University of Arizona. Results: Cronbach alphas were 83 for HPCS ratings of mothers and .88 for fathers. High HPCS ratings were associated with reduced symptoms reports in both females and males (p < .00002). Ratings of HPCS showed a small correlation with defensiveness (r = .141). The relationship between HPCS and symptoms was strongest in the least defensive subjects. Conclusions: Positive perceptions of love and caring from parents, typically the most important source of social support for children, are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms. Defensiveness may play a protective role psychologically (but not necessarily physiologically) in reducing the conscious awareness of symptoms accompanying low perceptions of parental love and caring.",
keywords = "Caring, Health, Love, Social support, Stress",
author = "Russek, {Linda G.} and Schwartz, {G. E.} and Bell, {I. R.} and Baldwin, {C. M.}",
year = "1998",
month = "9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "60",
pages = "654--657",
journal = "Psychosomatic Medicine",
issn = "0033-3174",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Positive perceptions of parental caring are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms

AU - Russek, Linda G.

AU - Schwartz, G. E.

AU - Bell, I. R.

AU - Baldwin, C. M.

PY - 1998/9

Y1 - 1998/9

N2 - Objective: In a previous 35-year follow-up investigation to the Harvard Mastery of Stress Study, positive ratings of parental caring obtained in healthy male college students were found to be predictive of substantially reduced disease incidence (including cardiovascular disease, ulcers, and alcoholism) in mid-life. The present cross-sectional study examined the relationship between perceptions of parental caring, current psychiatric and somatic symptoms, and defensiveness, in a University of Arizona sample of females and males. Method: The Harvard Parental Caring Scale (HPCS), the SCL90R, and the Marlowe-Crowne (MC) scale (a measure of defensiveness) were administered to 398 students at the University of Arizona. Results: Cronbach alphas were 83 for HPCS ratings of mothers and .88 for fathers. High HPCS ratings were associated with reduced symptoms reports in both females and males (p < .00002). Ratings of HPCS showed a small correlation with defensiveness (r = .141). The relationship between HPCS and symptoms was strongest in the least defensive subjects. Conclusions: Positive perceptions of love and caring from parents, typically the most important source of social support for children, are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms. Defensiveness may play a protective role psychologically (but not necessarily physiologically) in reducing the conscious awareness of symptoms accompanying low perceptions of parental love and caring.

AB - Objective: In a previous 35-year follow-up investigation to the Harvard Mastery of Stress Study, positive ratings of parental caring obtained in healthy male college students were found to be predictive of substantially reduced disease incidence (including cardiovascular disease, ulcers, and alcoholism) in mid-life. The present cross-sectional study examined the relationship between perceptions of parental caring, current psychiatric and somatic symptoms, and defensiveness, in a University of Arizona sample of females and males. Method: The Harvard Parental Caring Scale (HPCS), the SCL90R, and the Marlowe-Crowne (MC) scale (a measure of defensiveness) were administered to 398 students at the University of Arizona. Results: Cronbach alphas were 83 for HPCS ratings of mothers and .88 for fathers. High HPCS ratings were associated with reduced symptoms reports in both females and males (p < .00002). Ratings of HPCS showed a small correlation with defensiveness (r = .141). The relationship between HPCS and symptoms was strongest in the least defensive subjects. Conclusions: Positive perceptions of love and caring from parents, typically the most important source of social support for children, are associated with reduced psychiatric and somatic symptoms. Defensiveness may play a protective role psychologically (but not necessarily physiologically) in reducing the conscious awareness of symptoms accompanying low perceptions of parental love and caring.

KW - Caring

KW - Health

KW - Love

KW - Social support

KW - Stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031711795&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031711795&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9773773

AN - SCOPUS:0031711795

VL - 60

SP - 654

EP - 657

JO - Psychosomatic Medicine

JF - Psychosomatic Medicine

SN - 0033-3174

IS - 5

ER -