Positive emotion dispositions differentially associated with Big Five personality and attachment style

Michelle Shiota, Dacher Keltner, Oliver P. John

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

288 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although theorists have proposed the existence of multiple distinct varieties of positive emotion, dispositional positive affect is typically treated as a unidimensional variable in personality research. We present data elaborating conceptual and empirical differences among seven positive emotion dispositions in their relationships with two core personality constructs, the “Big Five” and adult attachment style. We found that the positive emotion dispositions were differentially associated with self- and peer-rated Extraversion, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Openness to Experience, and Neuroticism. We also found that different adult attachment styles were associated with different kinds of emotional rewards. Findings support the theoretical utility of differentiating among several dispositional positive emotion constructs in personality research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Positive Psychology
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Attachment
  • Big five
  • Emotion
  • Personality
  • Positive emotion
  • Positive psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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