Porous TiO2 conformal coating on carbon nanotubes as energy storage materials

Litao Yan, Yun Xu, Meng Zhou, Gen Chen, Shuguang Deng, Sergei Smirnov, Hongmei Luo, Guifu Zou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract The controllable synthesis of strongly coupled inorganic materials/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) hybrids represents a long-standing challenge for developing advanced catalysts and energy-storage materials. Here we report a simple sol-gel method for facile synthesis of TiO2/CNTs hybrid. The porous anatase TiO2 nanoparticles are uniformly coated on the CNTs conducting network, which leads to remarkably improved electrochemical performances such as exceptional cycling stability, good high rate durability, and reduced resistance. This hybrid exhibits a reversible capacity as high as 200 mA·h g-1 at a current density of 0.1 A g-1 as an anode in lithium-ion battery (LIB). As a supercapacitor (SC), it shows a specific supercapacitance of 145 F g-1 in 0.5 M H2SO4 electrolyte, higher than that of the previously reported TiO2 based supercapacitors. Moreover, this hybrid also exhibits excellent durability after 1000 cycles for both LIBs and SCs. Such superior performance and cycling durability demonstrate the reinforced synergistic effects between the porous TiO2 and interweaved CNTs network, indicating a great application potential for such hybrid materials in high power LIBs and SCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-81
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume169
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Energy storage
Carbon nanotubes
Coatings
Durability
Hybrid materials
Titanium dioxide
Sol-gel process
Electrolytes
Anodes
Current density
Nanoparticles
Catalysts
Supercapacitor

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Cycle durability
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Porous titanium dioxide
  • Supercapacitance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Porous TiO2 conformal coating on carbon nanotubes as energy storage materials. / Yan, Litao; Xu, Yun; Zhou, Meng; Chen, Gen; Deng, Shuguang; Smirnov, Sergei; Luo, Hongmei; Zou, Guifu.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 169, 01.07.2015, p. 73-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yan, Litao ; Xu, Yun ; Zhou, Meng ; Chen, Gen ; Deng, Shuguang ; Smirnov, Sergei ; Luo, Hongmei ; Zou, Guifu. / Porous TiO2 conformal coating on carbon nanotubes as energy storage materials. In: Electrochimica Acta. 2015 ; Vol. 169. pp. 73-81.
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AU - Smirnov, Sergei

AU - Luo, Hongmei

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AB - Abstract The controllable synthesis of strongly coupled inorganic materials/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) hybrids represents a long-standing challenge for developing advanced catalysts and energy-storage materials. Here we report a simple sol-gel method for facile synthesis of TiO2/CNTs hybrid. The porous anatase TiO2 nanoparticles are uniformly coated on the CNTs conducting network, which leads to remarkably improved electrochemical performances such as exceptional cycling stability, good high rate durability, and reduced resistance. This hybrid exhibits a reversible capacity as high as 200 mA·h g-1 at a current density of 0.1 A g-1 as an anode in lithium-ion battery (LIB). As a supercapacitor (SC), it shows a specific supercapacitance of 145 F g-1 in 0.5 M H2SO4 electrolyte, higher than that of the previously reported TiO2 based supercapacitors. Moreover, this hybrid also exhibits excellent durability after 1000 cycles for both LIBs and SCs. Such superior performance and cycling durability demonstrate the reinforced synergistic effects between the porous TiO2 and interweaved CNTs network, indicating a great application potential for such hybrid materials in high power LIBs and SCs.

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