The relationship between changes in the stability of the political environment and policy changes are examined through the case of the National Endowment for the Arts in the 1990s. The terminologies of Hall's first-, second-, and third-order policy change and Baumgartner and Jones punctuation equilibrium theory of policy change are employed to analyze the relationship evident in the policy history of the Arts Endowment. The case of the Arts Endowment in the 1990s suggests that first-order changes generally occur in a stable political environment (i.e., policy equilibrium) while great instability in a political environment (i.e., policy punctuation) allows the larger second-and the largest third-orders of policy change.
- National Endowment for the Arts
- US cultural policy
- policy change
- punctuated equilibrium theory
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Visual Arts and Performing Arts
- Strategy and Management