The combination of direct sampling ionization and miniature mass spectrometer presents a promising technical pathway of point-of-care analysis in clinical applications. In this work, a miniature mass spectrometry system was used for analysis of tissue samples. Direct tissue sampling coupled with extraction spray ionization was used with a home-built miniature mass spectrometer, Mini 12. Lipid species in tissue samples were well profiled in rat brain, kidney, and liver in a couple of minutes. By incorporating a photochemical (Paternò-Büchi) reaction, fast identification of lipid C=C location was realized. Relative quantitation of the lipid C=C isomer was performed by calculating the intensity ratio C=C diagnostic product ions, by which FA 18:1 (Δ9)/FA 18:1 (Δ11) was found to change significantly in mouse cancerous breast tissue samples. Accumulation of 2-hydroxylglutarate in human glioma samples, not in normal brains, can also be easily identified for rapid diagnosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry