Plasma Neurofilament Light and Future Declines in Cognition and Function in Alzheimer's Disease in the FIT-AD Trial

Danni Li, Lin Zhang, Nathaniel W. Nelson, Michelle M. Mielke, Fang Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Utilities of blood-based biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD) clinical trials remain unknown. Objective: To evaluate the ability of plasma neurofilament light chain (NfL) to predict future declines in cognition and activities of daily living (ADL) outcomes in 26 older adults with mild-to-moderate AD dementia from the FIT-AD Trial. Methods: Plasma NfL was measured at baseline and 3 and 6 months. Cognition and ADL were assessed using the AD Assessment Scale-Cognition (ADAS-Cog) and AD Uniform Dataset Instruments and Disability Assessment for Dementia (DAD), respectively, at baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Linear mixed effects models were used to examine the associations between baseline or change in plasma NfL and changes in outcomes. Results: Higher baseline plasma NfL was associated with greater rate of decline in ADAS-Cog from baseline to 6 months (standardized estimate of 0.00462, p=0.02853) and in ADL from baseline to 12 months (standardized estimate of-0.00284, p=0.03338). Greater increase in plasma NfL in short term from baseline to 3 months was associated with greater rate of decline in memory and ADL from 3 to 6 months (standardized estimate of-0.04638 [0.003], p=0.01635; standardized estimate of-0.03818, p=0.0435) and greater rate of decline in ADL from 3 to 12 month (standardized estimate of-0.01492, p=0.01082). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that plasma NfL might have the potential to predict cognitive and function decline up to 12 months. However, future studies with bigger sample sizes need to confirm the findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)601-611
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease Reports
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • ADAS-Cog
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • blood-based biomarkers
  • cognition
  • longitudinal
  • neurofilament light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

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