Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time

Lisette N. De Senerpont Domis, James Elser, Alena S. Gsell, Vera L M Huszar, Bas W. Ibelings, Erik Jeppesen, Sarian Kosten, Wolf M. Mooij, Fabio Roland, Ulrich Sommer, Ellen Van Donk, Monika Winder, Miquel Lürling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1.Different components of the climate system have been shown to affect temporal dynamics in natural plankton communities on scales varying from days to years. The seasonal dynamics in temperate lake plankton communities, with emphasis on both physical and biological forcing factors, were captured in the 1980s in a conceptual framework, the Plankton Ecology Group (PEG) model. 2.Taking the PEG model as our starting point, we discuss anticipated changes in seasonal and long-term plankton dynamics and extend this model to other climate regions, particularly polar and tropical latitudes. Based on our improved post-PEG understanding of plankton dynamics, we also evaluate the role of microbial plankton, parasites and fish in governing plankton dynamics and distribution. 3.In polar lakes, there is usually just a single peak in plankton biomass in summer. Lengthening of the growing season under warmer conditions may lead to higher and more prolonged phytoplankton productivity. Climate-induced increases in nutrient loading in these oligotrophic waters may contribute to higher phytoplankton biomass and subsequent higher zooplankton and fish productivity. 4.In temperate lakes, a seasonal pattern with two plankton biomass peaks - in spring and summer - can shift to one with a single but longer and larger biomass peak as nutrient loading increases, with associated higher populations of zooplanktivorous fish. Climate change will exacerbate these trends by increasing nutrient loading through increased internal nutrient inputs (due to warming) and increased catchment inputs (in the case of more precipitation). 5.In tropical systems, temporal variability in precipitation can be an important driver of the seasonal development of plankton. Increases in precipitation intensity may reset the seasonal dynamics of plankton communities and favour species adapted to highly variable environments. The existing intense predation by fish on larger zooplankters may increase further, resulting in a perennially low zooplankton biomass. 6.Bacteria were not included in the original PEG model. Seasonally, bacteria vary less than the phytoplankton but often follow its patterns, particularly in colder lakes. In warmer lakes, and with future warming, a greater influx of allochthonous carbon may obscure this pattern. 7.Our analyses indicate that the consequences of climate change for plankton dynamics are, to a large extent, system specific, depending on characteristics such as food-web structure and nutrient loading. Indirect effects through nutrient loading may be more important than direct effects of temperature increase, especially for phytoplankton. However, with warming a general picture emerges of increases in bacterivory, greater cyanobacterial dominance and smaller-bodied zooplankton that are more heavily impacted by fish predation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-482
Number of pages20
JournalFreshwater Biology
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Fingerprint

space and time
plankton
pollution load
nutrient
lakes
phytoplankton
biomass
lake
ecology
fish
zooplankton
warming
climate
predation
climate change
bacterivory
seasonal development
Polar Regions
productivity
bacterium

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • PEG model
  • Phytoplankton
  • Seasonal succession
  • Zooplankton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

De Senerpont Domis, L. N., Elser, J., Gsell, A. S., Huszar, V. L. M., Ibelings, B. W., Jeppesen, E., ... Lürling, M. (2013). Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time. Freshwater Biology, 58(3), 463-482. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12053

Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time. / De Senerpont Domis, Lisette N.; Elser, James; Gsell, Alena S.; Huszar, Vera L M; Ibelings, Bas W.; Jeppesen, Erik; Kosten, Sarian; Mooij, Wolf M.; Roland, Fabio; Sommer, Ulrich; Van Donk, Ellen; Winder, Monika; Lürling, Miquel.

In: Freshwater Biology, Vol. 58, No. 3, 03.2013, p. 463-482.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

De Senerpont Domis, LN, Elser, J, Gsell, AS, Huszar, VLM, Ibelings, BW, Jeppesen, E, Kosten, S, Mooij, WM, Roland, F, Sommer, U, Van Donk, E, Winder, M & Lürling, M 2013, 'Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time', Freshwater Biology, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 463-482. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12053
De Senerpont Domis LN, Elser J, Gsell AS, Huszar VLM, Ibelings BW, Jeppesen E et al. Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time. Freshwater Biology. 2013 Mar;58(3):463-482. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12053
De Senerpont Domis, Lisette N. ; Elser, James ; Gsell, Alena S. ; Huszar, Vera L M ; Ibelings, Bas W. ; Jeppesen, Erik ; Kosten, Sarian ; Mooij, Wolf M. ; Roland, Fabio ; Sommer, Ulrich ; Van Donk, Ellen ; Winder, Monika ; Lürling, Miquel. / Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time. In: Freshwater Biology. 2013 ; Vol. 58, No. 3. pp. 463-482.
@article{a4dc3f014aa94c91a801af96257d99e4,
title = "Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time",
abstract = "1.Different components of the climate system have been shown to affect temporal dynamics in natural plankton communities on scales varying from days to years. The seasonal dynamics in temperate lake plankton communities, with emphasis on both physical and biological forcing factors, were captured in the 1980s in a conceptual framework, the Plankton Ecology Group (PEG) model. 2.Taking the PEG model as our starting point, we discuss anticipated changes in seasonal and long-term plankton dynamics and extend this model to other climate regions, particularly polar and tropical latitudes. Based on our improved post-PEG understanding of plankton dynamics, we also evaluate the role of microbial plankton, parasites and fish in governing plankton dynamics and distribution. 3.In polar lakes, there is usually just a single peak in plankton biomass in summer. Lengthening of the growing season under warmer conditions may lead to higher and more prolonged phytoplankton productivity. Climate-induced increases in nutrient loading in these oligotrophic waters may contribute to higher phytoplankton biomass and subsequent higher zooplankton and fish productivity. 4.In temperate lakes, a seasonal pattern with two plankton biomass peaks - in spring and summer - can shift to one with a single but longer and larger biomass peak as nutrient loading increases, with associated higher populations of zooplanktivorous fish. Climate change will exacerbate these trends by increasing nutrient loading through increased internal nutrient inputs (due to warming) and increased catchment inputs (in the case of more precipitation). 5.In tropical systems, temporal variability in precipitation can be an important driver of the seasonal development of plankton. Increases in precipitation intensity may reset the seasonal dynamics of plankton communities and favour species adapted to highly variable environments. The existing intense predation by fish on larger zooplankters may increase further, resulting in a perennially low zooplankton biomass. 6.Bacteria were not included in the original PEG model. Seasonally, bacteria vary less than the phytoplankton but often follow its patterns, particularly in colder lakes. In warmer lakes, and with future warming, a greater influx of allochthonous carbon may obscure this pattern. 7.Our analyses indicate that the consequences of climate change for plankton dynamics are, to a large extent, system specific, depending on characteristics such as food-web structure and nutrient loading. Indirect effects through nutrient loading may be more important than direct effects of temperature increase, especially for phytoplankton. However, with warming a general picture emerges of increases in bacterivory, greater cyanobacterial dominance and smaller-bodied zooplankton that are more heavily impacted by fish predation.",
keywords = "Climate change, PEG model, Phytoplankton, Seasonal succession, Zooplankton",
author = "{De Senerpont Domis}, {Lisette N.} and James Elser and Gsell, {Alena S.} and Huszar, {Vera L M} and Ibelings, {Bas W.} and Erik Jeppesen and Sarian Kosten and Mooij, {Wolf M.} and Fabio Roland and Ulrich Sommer and {Van Donk}, Ellen and Monika Winder and Miquel L{\"u}rling",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/fwb.12053",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "58",
pages = "463--482",
journal = "Freshwater Biology",
issn = "0046-5070",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time

AU - De Senerpont Domis, Lisette N.

AU - Elser, James

AU - Gsell, Alena S.

AU - Huszar, Vera L M

AU - Ibelings, Bas W.

AU - Jeppesen, Erik

AU - Kosten, Sarian

AU - Mooij, Wolf M.

AU - Roland, Fabio

AU - Sommer, Ulrich

AU - Van Donk, Ellen

AU - Winder, Monika

AU - Lürling, Miquel

PY - 2013/3

Y1 - 2013/3

N2 - 1.Different components of the climate system have been shown to affect temporal dynamics in natural plankton communities on scales varying from days to years. The seasonal dynamics in temperate lake plankton communities, with emphasis on both physical and biological forcing factors, were captured in the 1980s in a conceptual framework, the Plankton Ecology Group (PEG) model. 2.Taking the PEG model as our starting point, we discuss anticipated changes in seasonal and long-term plankton dynamics and extend this model to other climate regions, particularly polar and tropical latitudes. Based on our improved post-PEG understanding of plankton dynamics, we also evaluate the role of microbial plankton, parasites and fish in governing plankton dynamics and distribution. 3.In polar lakes, there is usually just a single peak in plankton biomass in summer. Lengthening of the growing season under warmer conditions may lead to higher and more prolonged phytoplankton productivity. Climate-induced increases in nutrient loading in these oligotrophic waters may contribute to higher phytoplankton biomass and subsequent higher zooplankton and fish productivity. 4.In temperate lakes, a seasonal pattern with two plankton biomass peaks - in spring and summer - can shift to one with a single but longer and larger biomass peak as nutrient loading increases, with associated higher populations of zooplanktivorous fish. Climate change will exacerbate these trends by increasing nutrient loading through increased internal nutrient inputs (due to warming) and increased catchment inputs (in the case of more precipitation). 5.In tropical systems, temporal variability in precipitation can be an important driver of the seasonal development of plankton. Increases in precipitation intensity may reset the seasonal dynamics of plankton communities and favour species adapted to highly variable environments. The existing intense predation by fish on larger zooplankters may increase further, resulting in a perennially low zooplankton biomass. 6.Bacteria were not included in the original PEG model. Seasonally, bacteria vary less than the phytoplankton but often follow its patterns, particularly in colder lakes. In warmer lakes, and with future warming, a greater influx of allochthonous carbon may obscure this pattern. 7.Our analyses indicate that the consequences of climate change for plankton dynamics are, to a large extent, system specific, depending on characteristics such as food-web structure and nutrient loading. Indirect effects through nutrient loading may be more important than direct effects of temperature increase, especially for phytoplankton. However, with warming a general picture emerges of increases in bacterivory, greater cyanobacterial dominance and smaller-bodied zooplankton that are more heavily impacted by fish predation.

AB - 1.Different components of the climate system have been shown to affect temporal dynamics in natural plankton communities on scales varying from days to years. The seasonal dynamics in temperate lake plankton communities, with emphasis on both physical and biological forcing factors, were captured in the 1980s in a conceptual framework, the Plankton Ecology Group (PEG) model. 2.Taking the PEG model as our starting point, we discuss anticipated changes in seasonal and long-term plankton dynamics and extend this model to other climate regions, particularly polar and tropical latitudes. Based on our improved post-PEG understanding of plankton dynamics, we also evaluate the role of microbial plankton, parasites and fish in governing plankton dynamics and distribution. 3.In polar lakes, there is usually just a single peak in plankton biomass in summer. Lengthening of the growing season under warmer conditions may lead to higher and more prolonged phytoplankton productivity. Climate-induced increases in nutrient loading in these oligotrophic waters may contribute to higher phytoplankton biomass and subsequent higher zooplankton and fish productivity. 4.In temperate lakes, a seasonal pattern with two plankton biomass peaks - in spring and summer - can shift to one with a single but longer and larger biomass peak as nutrient loading increases, with associated higher populations of zooplanktivorous fish. Climate change will exacerbate these trends by increasing nutrient loading through increased internal nutrient inputs (due to warming) and increased catchment inputs (in the case of more precipitation). 5.In tropical systems, temporal variability in precipitation can be an important driver of the seasonal development of plankton. Increases in precipitation intensity may reset the seasonal dynamics of plankton communities and favour species adapted to highly variable environments. The existing intense predation by fish on larger zooplankters may increase further, resulting in a perennially low zooplankton biomass. 6.Bacteria were not included in the original PEG model. Seasonally, bacteria vary less than the phytoplankton but often follow its patterns, particularly in colder lakes. In warmer lakes, and with future warming, a greater influx of allochthonous carbon may obscure this pattern. 7.Our analyses indicate that the consequences of climate change for plankton dynamics are, to a large extent, system specific, depending on characteristics such as food-web structure and nutrient loading. Indirect effects through nutrient loading may be more important than direct effects of temperature increase, especially for phytoplankton. However, with warming a general picture emerges of increases in bacterivory, greater cyanobacterial dominance and smaller-bodied zooplankton that are more heavily impacted by fish predation.

KW - Climate change

KW - PEG model

KW - Phytoplankton

KW - Seasonal succession

KW - Zooplankton

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84873466383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84873466383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/fwb.12053

DO - 10.1111/fwb.12053

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84873466383

VL - 58

SP - 463

EP - 482

JO - Freshwater Biology

JF - Freshwater Biology

SN - 0046-5070

IS - 3

ER -