Planets around low-mass stars (PALMS). I. A substellar companion to the young M dwarf 1RXS J235133.3+312720

Brendan P. Bowler, Michael C. Liu, Evgenya L. Shkolnik, Trent J. Dupuy, Lucas A. Cieza, Adam L. Kraus, Motohide Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the discovery of a brown dwarf companion to the young M dwarf 1RXS J235133.3+312720 as part of a high contrast imaging search for planets around nearby young low-mass stars with Keck-II/NIRC2 and Subaru/HiCIAO. The 24 (120 AU) pair is confirmed to be comoving from two epochs of high-resolution imaging. Follow-up low- and moderate-resolution near-infrared spectroscopy of 1RXS J2351+3127 B with IRTF/SpeX and Keck-II/OSIRIS reveals a spectral type of L0+2 -1. The M2 primary star 1RXS J2351+3127 A exhibits X-ray and UV activity levels comparable to young moving group members with ages of 10-100Myr. UVW kinematics based the measured radial velocity of the primary and the system's photometric distance (50 ± 10pc) indicate it is likely a member of the 50-150Myr AB Dor moving group. The near-infrared spectrum of 1RXS J2351+3127 B does not exhibit obvious signs of youth, but its H-band morphology shows subtle hints of intermediate surface gravity. The spectrum is also an excellent match to the 200Myr M9 brown dwarf LP 944-20. Assuming an age of 50-150Myr, evolutionary models imply a mass of 32 ± 6 M Jup for the companion, making 1RXS J2351+3127 B the second lowest-mass member of the AB Dor moving group after the L4 companion CD-35 2722 B and one of the few benchmark brown dwarfs known at young ages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number142
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume753
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • brown dwarfs
  • stars: low-mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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