Physico-chemical changes in nano-silica and silica fume modified cement pastes in response to leaching

Jitendra Jain, Narayanan Neithalath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leaching of calcium ions from cement pastes modified with silica fume and nano-silica, and the physico-chemical changes that this induces in the system are the focus of this paper. The pastes were subjected to slow (in deionised water) and accelerated (in 6M ammonium nitrate) leaching. Mass loss, increase in porosity and thermal analysis were used to quantify the physical and chemical changes in the system due to leaching. The modified cement pastes are found to exhibit better leaching resistance under both exposure conditions. It is shown that leaching in deionised water and cementing materials reaction are essentially coupled. When leached in ammonium nitrate, it is observed that the entire CH is leached from all the pastes, and pastes with very low initial CH contents suffer increased decalcification from C-S-H gel. It is shown that, when subjected to very aggressive leaching agents, a certain amount of CH acts as a buffer delaying C-S-H dissolution. The beneficial effect of nano-silica in controlling calcium ion leaching especially when subjected to accelerated leaching is brought out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-133
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Materials and Structural Integrity
Volume3
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Silica fume
Ointments
Silicon Dioxide
Leaching
Cements
Silica
Deionized water
Calcium
Nitrates
Ions
Thermoanalysis
Buffers
Dissolution
Gels
Porosity

Keywords

  • Ammonium nitrate
  • CH and C-S-H
  • Deionised water
  • Leaching
  • Nano-silica
  • Silica fume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Physico-chemical changes in nano-silica and silica fume modified cement pastes in response to leaching",
abstract = "Leaching of calcium ions from cement pastes modified with silica fume and nano-silica, and the physico-chemical changes that this induces in the system are the focus of this paper. The pastes were subjected to slow (in deionised water) and accelerated (in 6M ammonium nitrate) leaching. Mass loss, increase in porosity and thermal analysis were used to quantify the physical and chemical changes in the system due to leaching. The modified cement pastes are found to exhibit better leaching resistance under both exposure conditions. It is shown that leaching in deionised water and cementing materials reaction are essentially coupled. When leached in ammonium nitrate, it is observed that the entire CH is leached from all the pastes, and pastes with very low initial CH contents suffer increased decalcification from C-S-H gel. It is shown that, when subjected to very aggressive leaching agents, a certain amount of CH acts as a buffer delaying C-S-H dissolution. The beneficial effect of nano-silica in controlling calcium ion leaching especially when subjected to accelerated leaching is brought out.",
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author = "Jitendra Jain and Narayanan Neithalath",
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AU - Jain, Jitendra

AU - Neithalath, Narayanan

PY - 2009

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N2 - Leaching of calcium ions from cement pastes modified with silica fume and nano-silica, and the physico-chemical changes that this induces in the system are the focus of this paper. The pastes were subjected to slow (in deionised water) and accelerated (in 6M ammonium nitrate) leaching. Mass loss, increase in porosity and thermal analysis were used to quantify the physical and chemical changes in the system due to leaching. The modified cement pastes are found to exhibit better leaching resistance under both exposure conditions. It is shown that leaching in deionised water and cementing materials reaction are essentially coupled. When leached in ammonium nitrate, it is observed that the entire CH is leached from all the pastes, and pastes with very low initial CH contents suffer increased decalcification from C-S-H gel. It is shown that, when subjected to very aggressive leaching agents, a certain amount of CH acts as a buffer delaying C-S-H dissolution. The beneficial effect of nano-silica in controlling calcium ion leaching especially when subjected to accelerated leaching is brought out.

AB - Leaching of calcium ions from cement pastes modified with silica fume and nano-silica, and the physico-chemical changes that this induces in the system are the focus of this paper. The pastes were subjected to slow (in deionised water) and accelerated (in 6M ammonium nitrate) leaching. Mass loss, increase in porosity and thermal analysis were used to quantify the physical and chemical changes in the system due to leaching. The modified cement pastes are found to exhibit better leaching resistance under both exposure conditions. It is shown that leaching in deionised water and cementing materials reaction are essentially coupled. When leached in ammonium nitrate, it is observed that the entire CH is leached from all the pastes, and pastes with very low initial CH contents suffer increased decalcification from C-S-H gel. It is shown that, when subjected to very aggressive leaching agents, a certain amount of CH acts as a buffer delaying C-S-H dissolution. The beneficial effect of nano-silica in controlling calcium ion leaching especially when subjected to accelerated leaching is brought out.

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KW - Silica fume

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