Physical Activity Promotion: Highlights from the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Systematic Review

Abby C. King, Melicia C. Whitt-Glover, David X. Marquez, Matthew P. Buman, Melissa A. Napolitano, John Jakicic, Janet E. Fulton, Bethany L. Tennant

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose This article describes effective interventions to promote regular physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior that were identified as part of the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Scientific Report. Methods A comprehensive literature search was conducted of eligible systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and relevant governmental reports published between 2011 and 2016. For the physical activity promotion question, articles were first sorted by four social ecological levels of impact (i.e., individual, community, communication environment, and physical environment and policy levels) and then further sorted into more specific categories that emerged during the review process. For the sedentary behavior reduction question, the literature was sorted directly into emergent categories (i.e., youth, adult, and worksite interventions). Results Effective physical activity promotion strategies were identified at each level of impact, including those based on behavior change theories and those occurring at different settings throughout the community. Effective interventions also included those delivered in person by trained staff or peer volunteers and through different information and communication technologies, such as by phone, Web or Internet, and computer-tailored print. A range of built environment features were associated with more transit-based and recreational physical activity in children and adults. Effective sedentary reduction interventions were found for youth and in the workplace. Conclusions A promising number of interventions with demonstrated effectiveness were identified. Future recommendations for research include investigating the most useful methods for disseminating them to real-world settings; incorporating more diverse population subgroups, including vulnerable and underrepresented subgroups; collecting cost data to inform cost-effectiveness comparisons; and testing strategies across different levels of impact to determine which combinations achieve the greatest effects on different modes of physical activity across the week.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1340-1353
Number of pages14
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Keywords

  • INTERVENTION
  • PAGAC
  • PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • SOCIAL ECOLOGICAL MODEL
  • SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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