Physical activity and the metabolic syndrome in a tri-ethnic sample of women

Melinda L. Irwin, Barbara Ainsworth, Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, Cheryl L. Addy, Russell R. Pate, J. Larry Durstine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association of moderate-intensity physical activity (PA), vigorous-intensity PA, and maximal treadmill duration with the metabolic syndrome among African-American (n = 49), Native-American (n = 46), and white (n = 51) women (ages, 40 to 83 years), enrolled in the Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study. Research Methods and Procedures: The metabolic syndrome was defined as three or more of the following risk factors: waist circumference >88 cm, blood pressure ≥130/85 mm Hg, fasting glucose ≥110 mg/dL, hypertriglyceridemia (≥150 mg/dL), and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol <50 mg/dL. PA was determined from detailed PA records that included all PA performed during two consecutive 4-day periods. Maximal treadmill duration was determined from a graded exercise test. Women were categorized into quartiles of moderate-intensity PA, vigorous-intensity PA, and maximal treadmill duration. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios of the metabolic syndrome as a function of the four PA categories, adjusted for age, ethnicity, study site, menopausal status, and use of hormone-replacement therapy. Results: The adjusted odds ratio for the metabolic syndrome was 0.18 (95% confidence interval, 0.33 to 0.90) for women in the highest category of moderate-intensity PA compared with women in the lowest category (p = 0.01 for trend). Similar associations were observed for the metabolic syndrome with vigorous-intensity PA (p = 0.01 for trend) and maximal treadmill duration (p = 0.0004 for trend). Discussion: Higher levels of moderate and vigorous-intensity PA and greater maximal treadmill duration were inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome among an ethnically diverse sample of women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1030-1037
Number of pages8
JournalObesity Research
Volume10
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

metabolic syndrome
physical activity
Exercise
exercise equipment
sampling
duration
odds ratio
Odds Ratio
hormone replacement therapy
menopause
hypertriglyceridemia
exercise test
North American Indians
American Indians
Hypertriglyceridemia
waist circumference
Hormone Replacement Therapy
Waist Circumference
African Americans
research methods

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Fitness
  • Insulin-resistance syndrome
  • Race
  • Syndrome X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Irwin, M. L., Ainsworth, B., Mayer-Davis, E. J., Addy, C. L., Pate, R. R., & Durstine, J. L. (2002). Physical activity and the metabolic syndrome in a tri-ethnic sample of women. Obesity Research, 10(10), 1030-1037.

Physical activity and the metabolic syndrome in a tri-ethnic sample of women. / Irwin, Melinda L.; Ainsworth, Barbara; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J.; Addy, Cheryl L.; Pate, Russell R.; Durstine, J. Larry.

In: Obesity Research, Vol. 10, No. 10, 10.2002, p. 1030-1037.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Irwin, ML, Ainsworth, B, Mayer-Davis, EJ, Addy, CL, Pate, RR & Durstine, JL 2002, 'Physical activity and the metabolic syndrome in a tri-ethnic sample of women', Obesity Research, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1030-1037.
Irwin ML, Ainsworth B, Mayer-Davis EJ, Addy CL, Pate RR, Durstine JL. Physical activity and the metabolic syndrome in a tri-ethnic sample of women. Obesity Research. 2002 Oct;10(10):1030-1037.
Irwin, Melinda L. ; Ainsworth, Barbara ; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J. ; Addy, Cheryl L. ; Pate, Russell R. ; Durstine, J. Larry. / Physical activity and the metabolic syndrome in a tri-ethnic sample of women. In: Obesity Research. 2002 ; Vol. 10, No. 10. pp. 1030-1037.
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