Abstract

A novel anode that intimately couples anode-respiring bacteria (ARB) with a nitrogen-doped TiO2 photocatalyst on a porous carbon foam electrode (the ICPB-anode) was fabricated and experimentally tested in an electrochemical cell. ARB are well known for obtaining energy by transferring bio-metabolized electrons to the anode, an external solid acceptor. The goal of this work was to identify if and how ARB play a role in transporting photo-generated electrons. When simulated visible-light illuminated an ICPB-anode, the current increased by ∼3 A/m2 (∼30% of the total), due to photocatalytically generated electrons (photo-electrons). In contrast, an abiotic photocatalyst anode (photo-anode) was incapable of transfering photo-electrons. Compared to a non-photocatalytic biofilm-anode, the Coulombic efficiency increased by 15–20% with the ICPB-anode, and the effect was due to the addition of electron flow from photocatalytic water electrolysis, since oxidation of the organic electron donor was unchanged. Electrochemical impedance analyses showed that the Ohmic resistance of the ICPB-anode decreased by ∼98%, compared with the abiotic photo-anode. A redox-potential window typical of ARB's c-type cytochromes was up-regulated when the ARB transported photo-electrons, supporting that c-type cytochromes were the significant redox proteins for transferring photo-electrons. All the results combine to show that ARB were responsible for the transport of electrons generated by photocatalysis in the ICPB-anode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)745-751
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume338
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2018

Fingerprint

Photocatalysts
Bacteria
Anodes
electron
bacterium
Electrons
cytochrome
Cytochrome c Group
Proteins
redox potential
foam
biofilm
electrokinesis
electrode
Acoustic impedance
Electrochemical cells
Photocatalysis
Biofilms
oxidation
protein

Keywords

  • Anode respiring bacteria
  • C-type cytochrome
  • Couple
  • Electron transfer
  • Photocatalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Photocatalytic-induced electron transfer via anode-respiring bacteria (ARB) at an anode that intimately couples ARB and a TiO2 photocatalyst. / Zhou, Dandan; Dong, Shuangshi; Ki, Dongwon; Rittmann, Bruce.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 338, 15.04.2018, p. 745-751.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A novel anode that intimately couples anode-respiring bacteria (ARB) with a nitrogen-doped TiO2 photocatalyst on a porous carbon foam electrode (the ICPB-anode) was fabricated and experimentally tested in an electrochemical cell. ARB are well known for obtaining energy by transferring bio-metabolized electrons to the anode, an external solid acceptor. The goal of this work was to identify if and how ARB play a role in transporting photo-generated electrons. When simulated visible-light illuminated an ICPB-anode, the current increased by ∼3 A/m2 (∼30{\%} of the total), due to photocatalytically generated electrons (photo-electrons). In contrast, an abiotic photocatalyst anode (photo-anode) was incapable of transfering photo-electrons. Compared to a non-photocatalytic biofilm-anode, the Coulombic efficiency increased by 15–20{\%} with the ICPB-anode, and the effect was due to the addition of electron flow from photocatalytic water electrolysis, since oxidation of the organic electron donor was unchanged. Electrochemical impedance analyses showed that the Ohmic resistance of the ICPB-anode decreased by ∼98{\%}, compared with the abiotic photo-anode. A redox-potential window typical of ARB's c-type cytochromes was up-regulated when the ARB transported photo-electrons, supporting that c-type cytochromes were the significant redox proteins for transferring photo-electrons. All the results combine to show that ARB were responsible for the transport of electrons generated by photocatalysis in the ICPB-anode.",
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AU - Ki, Dongwon

AU - Rittmann, Bruce

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N2 - A novel anode that intimately couples anode-respiring bacteria (ARB) with a nitrogen-doped TiO2 photocatalyst on a porous carbon foam electrode (the ICPB-anode) was fabricated and experimentally tested in an electrochemical cell. ARB are well known for obtaining energy by transferring bio-metabolized electrons to the anode, an external solid acceptor. The goal of this work was to identify if and how ARB play a role in transporting photo-generated electrons. When simulated visible-light illuminated an ICPB-anode, the current increased by ∼3 A/m2 (∼30% of the total), due to photocatalytically generated electrons (photo-electrons). In contrast, an abiotic photocatalyst anode (photo-anode) was incapable of transfering photo-electrons. Compared to a non-photocatalytic biofilm-anode, the Coulombic efficiency increased by 15–20% with the ICPB-anode, and the effect was due to the addition of electron flow from photocatalytic water electrolysis, since oxidation of the organic electron donor was unchanged. Electrochemical impedance analyses showed that the Ohmic resistance of the ICPB-anode decreased by ∼98%, compared with the abiotic photo-anode. A redox-potential window typical of ARB's c-type cytochromes was up-regulated when the ARB transported photo-electrons, supporting that c-type cytochromes were the significant redox proteins for transferring photo-electrons. All the results combine to show that ARB were responsible for the transport of electrons generated by photocatalysis in the ICPB-anode.

AB - A novel anode that intimately couples anode-respiring bacteria (ARB) with a nitrogen-doped TiO2 photocatalyst on a porous carbon foam electrode (the ICPB-anode) was fabricated and experimentally tested in an electrochemical cell. ARB are well known for obtaining energy by transferring bio-metabolized electrons to the anode, an external solid acceptor. The goal of this work was to identify if and how ARB play a role in transporting photo-generated electrons. When simulated visible-light illuminated an ICPB-anode, the current increased by ∼3 A/m2 (∼30% of the total), due to photocatalytically generated electrons (photo-electrons). In contrast, an abiotic photocatalyst anode (photo-anode) was incapable of transfering photo-electrons. Compared to a non-photocatalytic biofilm-anode, the Coulombic efficiency increased by 15–20% with the ICPB-anode, and the effect was due to the addition of electron flow from photocatalytic water electrolysis, since oxidation of the organic electron donor was unchanged. Electrochemical impedance analyses showed that the Ohmic resistance of the ICPB-anode decreased by ∼98%, compared with the abiotic photo-anode. A redox-potential window typical of ARB's c-type cytochromes was up-regulated when the ARB transported photo-electrons, supporting that c-type cytochromes were the significant redox proteins for transferring photo-electrons. All the results combine to show that ARB were responsible for the transport of electrons generated by photocatalysis in the ICPB-anode.

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