Phosphorus Equilibrium Between Liquid Iron and CaO-SiO2-MgO-Al2O3-FeO-P2O5 Slag Part 1: Literature Review, Methodology, and BOF Slags

Andre N. Assis, Mohammed A. Tayeb, Seetharaman Sridhar, Richard J. Fruehan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Although the phosphorus reaction in steelmaking has been extensively studied, it continues to be a relevant topic as low phosphorus iron sources become less available and more expensive, necessitating the need for more accurate predictions of the partitioning of phosphorous as function of slag composition and temperature. The current study revisits some of the relevant literature on the topic and details the methodology and experimental setup used in recent studies on phosphorus equilibrium between liquid iron and slags. New data for BOF-type slags are presented, where equilibrium was approached from both metal and slag sides i.e., phosphorus was transferred from metal to slag and vice versa. It was found that slags with basicities higher than 2.5 and FeO contents around 20 to 25 wt pct can promote extensive dephosphorization, and high LP, ((pct P)/[pct P]), values were observed i.e., greater than 500.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2255-2263
Number of pages9
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 25 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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