Phonological whole-word measures in 3-year-old bilingual children and their age-matched monolingual peers

Ferenc Bunta, Leah Fabiano-Smith, Brian Goldstein, David Ingram

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    33 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The present study investigated phonological whole-word measures and consonant accuracy in bilingual and monolingual children to investigate how target approximations drive phonological acquisition. The study included eight bilingual Spanish- and English-speaking 3-year-olds and their monolingual peers (eight Spanish and eight American English). Phonological whole-word measures (pMLU and Proximity) and consonant accuracy (PCC) were calculated on elicited single words. Differences were found on each measure between bilinguals and monolinguals in English, but in Spanish, only the PCC displayed differences between bilinguals and monolinguals. Bilinguals displayed language separation on the pMLU and the PCC but not the Proximity, indicating structural phonological differences between the Spanish and English of bilinguals but commensurate target approximations. This suggests that maintaining a consistent level of phonological proximity to the target is an important factor in phonological acquisition. The measures and their relationships are also discussed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)156-175
    Number of pages20
    JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
    Volume23
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    Hispanic Americans
    speaking
    Language
    language
    Drive
    Peers
    Bilingual children
    Whole Word
    Proximity
    Consonant
    Phonological Acquisition
    Approximation

    Keywords

    • Bilingual Spanish-English
    • PCC
    • Phonological whole-word measures

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Speech and Hearing

    Cite this

    Phonological whole-word measures in 3-year-old bilingual children and their age-matched monolingual peers. / Bunta, Ferenc; Fabiano-Smith, Leah; Goldstein, Brian; Ingram, David.

    In: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2009, p. 156-175.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Bunta, Ferenc ; Fabiano-Smith, Leah ; Goldstein, Brian ; Ingram, David. / Phonological whole-word measures in 3-year-old bilingual children and their age-matched monolingual peers. In: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics. 2009 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 156-175.
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