Phenotype, virulence and immunogenicity of Edwardsiella ictaluri cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate receptor protein (Crp) mutants in catfish host

Javier Santander, Arindam Mitra, Roy Curtiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Edwardsiella ictaluri is an Enterobacteriaceae that causes lethal enteric septicemia in catfish. Being a mucosal facultative intracellular pathogen, this bacterium is an excellent candidate to develop immersion-oral live attenuated vaccines for the catfish aquaculture industry. Deletion of the cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) receptor protein (crp) gene in several Enterobacteriaceae has been utilized in live attenuated vaccines for mammals and birds. Here we characterize the crp gene and report the effect of a crp deletion in E. ictaluri. The E. ictaluri crp gene and encoded protein are similar to other Enterobacteriaceae family members, complementing Salmonella enterica Δ. crp mutants in a cAMP-dependent fashion. The E. ictaluri Δ. crp-10 in-frame deletion mutant demonstrated growth defects, loss of maltose utilization, and lack of flagella synthesis. We found that the E. ictaluri Δ. crp-10 mutant was attenuated, colonized lymphoid tissues, and conferred immune protection against E. ictaluri infection to zebrafish (Danio rerio) and catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Evaluation of the IgM titers indicated that bath immunization with the E. ictaluri Δ. crp-10 mutant triggered systemic and skin immune responses in catfish. We propose that deletion of the crp gene in E. ictaluri is an effective strategy to develop immersion live attenuated antibiotic-sensitive vaccines for the catfish aquaculture industry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1142-1153
Number of pages12
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Catfish
  • Crp
  • Edwardsiella ictaluri
  • Live attenuated vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Aquatic Science

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