Phenol adsorption on an N-methylacetamide-modified hypercrosslinked resin from aqueous solutions

Jianhan Huang, Xiaoying Jin, Shuguang Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, a novel N-methylacetamide-modified hypercrosslinked resin (HJ-Z01) was synthesized from chloromethylated poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene) (PS) through three continuous reactions (Friedel-Crafts, methylamination and acetylation), and the adsorptive removal properties of HJ-Z01 toward phenol was evaluated from aqueous solutions, two precursors, the hypercrosslinked resin and the methylamine-modified hypercrosslinked resin, and two commercial polymeric adsorbents, XAD-4 and X-5 were employed as references. The structure characterization indicated that micro/mesopores were the predominant pores and 0.18. mmol/g of methylamino and 0.64. mmol/g of N-methylacetamide groups were uploaded on the surface of HJ-Z01. The adsorption capacity of phenol on HJ-Z01 was larger than that on the hypercrosslinked resin and the methylamine-modified hypercrosslinked resin due to uploading of the N-methylacetamide groups on the surface and it was much larger than that on XAD-4 and X-5 due to the dominant micro/mesopores and the improved surface polarity. The Langmuir-Freundlich equation was more suitable for characterizing the equilibrium data than the two-parameter Langmuir and Freundlich equations, and the pseudo-second-order rate equation as well as the micropore diffusion model described the kinetic data well. The dynamic adsorption capacity of phenol on HJ-Z01 was calculated to be 59.95. mg/ml wet resin (or about 199.8. mg/g dry resin) and 1% of sodium hydroxide solution could regenerate the resin column completely. The present results indicate that HJ-Z01 is a powerful potential alternative for replacing activated carbon and other polymeric adsorbents for removing phenol from aqueous solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-200
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume192
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Breakthrough
  • Equilibrium
  • Hypercrosslinked resin
  • Kinetics
  • Phenol
  • Surface polarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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