Phase transition and equation of state of dense hydrous silica up to 63 GPa

C. Nisr, Kurt Leinenweber, V. Prakapenka, C. Prescher, S. Tkachev, Sang-Heon Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although it has previously been considered to be essentially anhydrous, Al-free stishovite can contain up to ∼1.3 wt % of H2O, perhaps through the direct substitution ((Formula presented.)), according to recent studies. Yet the stability of such substitution and its impact on the properties of silica and rutile-structured hydrous phases (such as δ-AlOOH and phase H) are unknown at the conditions of the deeper mantle. We have synthesized hydrous and anhydrous Al-free stishovite samples at 723 K and 9 GPa, and 1473 K and 10 GPa, respectively. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction patterns show that the unit cell volume of hydrous stishovite is 1.3% greater than that of anhydrous stishovite at 1 bar, suggesting significant incorporation of OH in the crystal structure (3.2 ± 0.5 wt % H2O). At 300 K, we found a lower and broader transition pressure from rutile type to CaCl2 type (28–42 GPa) in hydrous dense silica. We also found that hydrous silica polymorphs are more compressible than their anhydrous counterparts. After the phase transition, the unit cell volume of hydrous silica becomes the same as that of anhydrous silica, showing that the proton incorporation through a direct substitution can be further stabilized at high pressure. The lower pressure transition and the pressure stabilization of the proton incorporation in silica would provide ways to transport and store water in the lower mantle in silica-rich heterogeneities, such as subducted oceanic crust.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6972-6983
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume122
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

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phase transition
Equations of state
equation of state
Silicon Dioxide
silica
equations of state
stishovite
Phase transitions
Silica
silicon dioxide
substitution
Substitution reactions
transition pressure
substitutes
rutile
protons
Protons
Earth mantle
lower mantle
crystal structure

Keywords

  • direct proton substitution
  • equation of state
  • hydrous stishovite
  • phase transition
  • water in the lower mantle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Phase transition and equation of state of dense hydrous silica up to 63 GPa. / Nisr, C.; Leinenweber, Kurt; Prakapenka, V.; Prescher, C.; Tkachev, S.; Shim, Sang-Heon.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 122, No. 9, 01.09.2017, p. 6972-6983.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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