Phase equilibrium and calorimetric study of the transition of MnTiO3 from the ilmenite to the lithium niobate structure and implications for the stability field of perovskite

Jaidong Ko, Nancy E. Brown, Alexandra Navrotsky, Charles T. Prewitt, Tibor Gasparik

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The phase boundary between MnTiO3 I (ilmenite structure) and MnTiO3 II (lithium niobate structure) has been determined by analysis of quench products from reversal experiments in a cubic anvil apparatus at 1073-1673 K and 43-75 kbar using mixtures of MnTiO3 I and II as starting materials. Tight brackets of the boundary give P(kbar)=121.2-0.045 T(K). Thermodynamic analysis of this boundary gives ΔHo=5300±1000 J·mol-1, ΔSo = 1.98 ±1J·K-1· mol-1. The enthalpy of transformation obtained directly by transposed-temperature-drop calorimetry is 8359 ±2575 J·mol-1. Possible topologies of the phase relations among the ilmenite, lithium niobate, and perovskite polymorphs are constrained using the above data and the observed (reversible with hysteresis) transformation of II to III at 298 K and 20-30 kbar (Ross et al. 1989). The observed II-III transition is likely to lie on a metastable extension of the II-III boundary into the ilmenite field. However the reversed I-II boundary, with its negative d P/ d T does represent stable equilibrium between ilmenite and lithium niobate, as opposed to the lithium niobate being a quench product of perovskite. We suggest a topology in which the perovskite occurs stably at low T and high P with a triple point (I, II, III) at or below 1073 K near 70 kbar. The I-II boundary would have a negative P-T slope while the II-III and I-III boundaries would be positive, implying that entropy decreases in the order lithium niobate, ilmenite, perovskite. The inferred positive slope of the ilmenite-perovskite transition in MnTiO3 is different from the negative slopes in silicates and germanates. These thermochemical parameters are discussed in terms of crystal structure and lattice vibrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)727-733
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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