Person-Environment Intersections: Everyday Settings and Common Trait Dimensions

Douglas Kenrick, Heather E. McCreath, John Govern, Robert King, Jeffrey Bordin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intersection of personality dimensions (adjustment, likeability, self-control, social inclination, intellectance, and dominance) and taxonomy of everyday settings were examined. In Studies 1 and 2, Ss recalled situations relevant to each personality dimension. Judges categorized into six nondomicile (academic, athletic, business, play, religious, and streets) and six domicile (bedroom, eating room, living room, dormitory room, fraternity or sorority house, and outside house) categories. Trait/setting profiles converged across two methods and two regions. In Study 3, Ss rated visibility of each trait dimension in each setting. Interactions show some settings seen to allow more expression of some traits. Main effects show some settings seen as more generally illuminative, and some traits as more generally visible. Similarities in trait/setting profiles across three studies are discussed; joint importance of situational constraint and public observability in a setting's relevance to display of traits is considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-698
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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