Peritoneal macrophages exposed to purified macrophage colony-stimulated factor (M-CSF) suppress mitogen- and antigen-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation

E. J. Wing, D. M. Magee, A. C. Pearson, A. Waheed, R. K. Shadduck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of M-CSF-exposed macrophages on murine splenic lymphocyte responses was determined. Resident peritoneal macrophages incubated with purified M-CSF for 48 hr inhibited lymphocyte proliferation to Con A, PHA, and listerial antigen as determined by [3H]TdR uptake, and inhibited Con A-stimulated lymphocyte IL 2 production. The inhibition was similar to that observed with macrophages from BCG-infected mice. Maximal suppression occurred at M-CSF concentrations of 500 U/ml or greater and when the incubation time with M-CSF was 48 hr or more. M-CSF alone did not affect lymphocyte responses. The M-CSF effect was specific because rabbit anti-M-CSF IgG blocked the suppression whereas control rabbit IgG did not. Secretory products of macrophages could not be implicated in this interaction. Catalase and indomethacin, alone or together, did not reverse the inhibition. In addition, putative suppressive factors were not detected in supernatants of M-CSF-stimulated macrophages. Lymphocytes that were removed from macrophage monolayers and were recultured in medium plus Con A were able to proliferate. Macrophages stimulated by M-CSF therefore appear to have inhibitory activity for proliferating lymphocytes, and may play a role in immunoregulatory mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2768-2773
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume137
Issue number9
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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