Performance structures

A psycholinguistic and linguistic appraisal

James Gee, François Grosjean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

227 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two lines of research-one in psycholinguistics and one in linguistics-are combined to deal with a long-standing problem in both fields: why the "performance structures" of sentences (structures based on experimental data, such as pausing and parsing values) are not fully accountable for by linguistic theories of phrase structure. Two psycholinguistic algorithms that have been used to predict these structures are described and their limitations are examined. A third algorithm, based on the prosodic structures of sentences is then proposed and shown to be a far better predictor of performance structures. It is argued that the experimental data reflect aspects of the linguistic cognitive capacity, and that, in turn, linguistic theory can offer an illuminating account of the data. The prosodic model is shown to have a wider domain of application than temporal organization per se, accounting for parsing judgments as well as pausing performance, and reflecting aspects of syntactic and semantic structure as well as purely prosodic structure. Finally, the algorithm is discussed in light of language processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-458
Number of pages48
JournalCognitive Psychology
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Psycholinguistics
psycholinguistics
Linguistics
linguistics
performance
Syntactics
Semantics
Language
Processing
Research
semantics
organization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Performance structures : A psycholinguistic and linguistic appraisal. / Gee, James; Grosjean, François.

In: Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 15, No. 4, 1983, p. 411-458.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gee, James ; Grosjean, François. / Performance structures : A psycholinguistic and linguistic appraisal. In: Cognitive Psychology. 1983 ; Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 411-458.
@article{1ca2ffa8cae34013ac48f2eeaa6a46ce,
title = "Performance structures: A psycholinguistic and linguistic appraisal",
abstract = "Two lines of research-one in psycholinguistics and one in linguistics-are combined to deal with a long-standing problem in both fields: why the {"}performance structures{"} of sentences (structures based on experimental data, such as pausing and parsing values) are not fully accountable for by linguistic theories of phrase structure. Two psycholinguistic algorithms that have been used to predict these structures are described and their limitations are examined. A third algorithm, based on the prosodic structures of sentences is then proposed and shown to be a far better predictor of performance structures. It is argued that the experimental data reflect aspects of the linguistic cognitive capacity, and that, in turn, linguistic theory can offer an illuminating account of the data. The prosodic model is shown to have a wider domain of application than temporal organization per se, accounting for parsing judgments as well as pausing performance, and reflecting aspects of syntactic and semantic structure as well as purely prosodic structure. Finally, the algorithm is discussed in light of language processing.",
author = "James Gee and Fran{\cc}ois Grosjean",
year = "1983",
doi = "10.1016/0010-0285(83)90014-2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "411--458",
journal = "Cognitive Psychology",
issn = "0010-0285",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance structures

T2 - A psycholinguistic and linguistic appraisal

AU - Gee, James

AU - Grosjean, François

PY - 1983

Y1 - 1983

N2 - Two lines of research-one in psycholinguistics and one in linguistics-are combined to deal with a long-standing problem in both fields: why the "performance structures" of sentences (structures based on experimental data, such as pausing and parsing values) are not fully accountable for by linguistic theories of phrase structure. Two psycholinguistic algorithms that have been used to predict these structures are described and their limitations are examined. A third algorithm, based on the prosodic structures of sentences is then proposed and shown to be a far better predictor of performance structures. It is argued that the experimental data reflect aspects of the linguistic cognitive capacity, and that, in turn, linguistic theory can offer an illuminating account of the data. The prosodic model is shown to have a wider domain of application than temporal organization per se, accounting for parsing judgments as well as pausing performance, and reflecting aspects of syntactic and semantic structure as well as purely prosodic structure. Finally, the algorithm is discussed in light of language processing.

AB - Two lines of research-one in psycholinguistics and one in linguistics-are combined to deal with a long-standing problem in both fields: why the "performance structures" of sentences (structures based on experimental data, such as pausing and parsing values) are not fully accountable for by linguistic theories of phrase structure. Two psycholinguistic algorithms that have been used to predict these structures are described and their limitations are examined. A third algorithm, based on the prosodic structures of sentences is then proposed and shown to be a far better predictor of performance structures. It is argued that the experimental data reflect aspects of the linguistic cognitive capacity, and that, in turn, linguistic theory can offer an illuminating account of the data. The prosodic model is shown to have a wider domain of application than temporal organization per se, accounting for parsing judgments as well as pausing performance, and reflecting aspects of syntactic and semantic structure as well as purely prosodic structure. Finally, the algorithm is discussed in light of language processing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001200928&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001200928&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0010-0285(83)90014-2

DO - 10.1016/0010-0285(83)90014-2

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 411

EP - 458

JO - Cognitive Psychology

JF - Cognitive Psychology

SN - 0010-0285

IS - 4

ER -