Performance analysis of a thermal energy storage system based on paired metal hydrides for concentrating solar power plants

Sofiene Mellouli, Faouzi Askri, Abhilash Edacherian, Talal Alqahtani, Salem Algarni, Jemni Abdelmajid, Patrick Phelan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concentrating solar power (CSP) plants require suitable thermal energy storage (TES) systems to enable power generation during the night and cloudy days. Metal hydrides (MH) are attractive options for such TES system and a novel design of an MH-TES system is proposed for CSP plants. A 2D mathematical model is developed to study heat and mass transfer inside this system in which a heat storage medium of high-temperature MH bed (Mg2FeH6) is coupled with a low-temperature MH bed (Na3AlH6). To simulate this model a numerical code in Fortran-90 is made. The main objective of this work is (i) to demonstrate the technical feasibility of the novel MH-TES system through the simulation of operating cycles, and (ii) to discuss the performance assessment of the proposed system. The process simulation demonstrated a consistent thermal and dynamic coupling between the paired MH beds. The performance analysis showed that the present MH-TES system can recover 96% of solar energy stored. Further, for the given operating conditions, the thermal energy storage density of this system is about 90 kWhth/m3, which is more than 3.6 times the U.S. Department of Energy SunShot target of 25 kWhth/m3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1017-1029
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume144
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2018

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Solar power plants
Thermal energy
Hydrides
Energy storage
Metals
Heat storage
Solar energy
Power generation
Mass transfer
Mathematical models
Heat transfer
Temperature

Keywords

  • Concentrating solar power plants
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Inclined fins
  • Paired metal hydrides
  • Thermal energy storage system
  • Thermochemical energy storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Performance analysis of a thermal energy storage system based on paired metal hydrides for concentrating solar power plants. / Mellouli, Sofiene; Askri, Faouzi; Edacherian, Abhilash; Alqahtani, Talal; Algarni, Salem; Abdelmajid, Jemni; Phelan, Patrick.

In: Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 144, 05.11.2018, p. 1017-1029.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mellouli, Sofiene ; Askri, Faouzi ; Edacherian, Abhilash ; Alqahtani, Talal ; Algarni, Salem ; Abdelmajid, Jemni ; Phelan, Patrick. / Performance analysis of a thermal energy storage system based on paired metal hydrides for concentrating solar power plants. In: Applied Thermal Engineering. 2018 ; Vol. 144. pp. 1017-1029.
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