Perceptions of environmental supports for physical activity in African American and white adults in a rural county in South Carolina.

Steven P. Hooker, Dawn K. Wilson, Sarah F. Griffin, Barbara E. Ainsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: This study examined the association between perceptions of social and safety-related environmental attributes and physical activity (PA) and walking in African American and white adults. METHODS: In a random-digit-dial telephone survey, 1165 adults in a rural county in South Carolina answered questions about their perceptions of social and safety-related environmental supports for PA and their overall PA and walking behavior. Social perceptions included whether neighbors could be trusted or were perceived to be physically active. Safety-related perceptions included neighborhood safety, the safety of public recreation facilities, problems with unattended dogs, traffic volume, and streetlight quality. Logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between environmental supports and PA and walking stratified by race. RESULTS: No association between perceived neighborhood environmental supports and PA or walking was observed in African Americans. Among whites, individuals who perceived their neighbors as active were twice (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19-3.25) as likely to report meeting the recommendation for PA compared with individuals who did not report their neighbors as active. Whites who perceived their neighbors as active were 2.5 times (95% CI, 1.54-4.08) as likely to report meeting the recommendations for walking than whites who did not, and whites who perceived their neighborhoods as safe were 1.8 times (95% CI, 1.03-3.12) as likely to report meeting the recommendations for walking than whites who did not. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that perceptions of certain social and safety-related environmental supports were strongly associated with meeting the recommendations for PA and walking among white but not African American adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPreventing chronic disease
Volume2
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

African Americans
Walking
Social Perception
Exercise
Safety
Confidence Intervals
Logistic Models
Public Facilities
Recreation
Telephone
Dogs

Cite this

Perceptions of environmental supports for physical activity in African American and white adults in a rural county in South Carolina. / Hooker, Steven P.; Wilson, Dawn K.; Griffin, Sarah F.; Ainsworth, Barbara E.

In: Preventing chronic disease, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hooker, Steven P. ; Wilson, Dawn K. ; Griffin, Sarah F. ; Ainsworth, Barbara E. / Perceptions of environmental supports for physical activity in African American and white adults in a rural county in South Carolina. In: Preventing chronic disease. 2005 ; Vol. 2, No. 4.
@article{89e4fd37445c49308189e461a91ea846,
title = "Perceptions of environmental supports for physical activity in African American and white adults in a rural county in South Carolina.",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: This study examined the association between perceptions of social and safety-related environmental attributes and physical activity (PA) and walking in African American and white adults. METHODS: In a random-digit-dial telephone survey, 1165 adults in a rural county in South Carolina answered questions about their perceptions of social and safety-related environmental supports for PA and their overall PA and walking behavior. Social perceptions included whether neighbors could be trusted or were perceived to be physically active. Safety-related perceptions included neighborhood safety, the safety of public recreation facilities, problems with unattended dogs, traffic volume, and streetlight quality. Logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between environmental supports and PA and walking stratified by race. RESULTS: No association between perceived neighborhood environmental supports and PA or walking was observed in African Americans. Among whites, individuals who perceived their neighbors as active were twice (95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 1.19-3.25) as likely to report meeting the recommendation for PA compared with individuals who did not report their neighbors as active. Whites who perceived their neighbors as active were 2.5 times (95{\%} CI, 1.54-4.08) as likely to report meeting the recommendations for walking than whites who did not, and whites who perceived their neighborhoods as safe were 1.8 times (95{\%} CI, 1.03-3.12) as likely to report meeting the recommendations for walking than whites who did not. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that perceptions of certain social and safety-related environmental supports were strongly associated with meeting the recommendations for PA and walking among white but not African American adults.",
author = "Hooker, {Steven P.} and Wilson, {Dawn K.} and Griffin, {Sarah F.} and Ainsworth, {Barbara E.}",
year = "2005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
journal = "Preventing chronic disease",
issn = "1545-1151",
publisher = "U.S. Department of Health and Human Services",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceptions of environmental supports for physical activity in African American and white adults in a rural county in South Carolina.

AU - Hooker, Steven P.

AU - Wilson, Dawn K.

AU - Griffin, Sarah F.

AU - Ainsworth, Barbara E.

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - INTRODUCTION: This study examined the association between perceptions of social and safety-related environmental attributes and physical activity (PA) and walking in African American and white adults. METHODS: In a random-digit-dial telephone survey, 1165 adults in a rural county in South Carolina answered questions about their perceptions of social and safety-related environmental supports for PA and their overall PA and walking behavior. Social perceptions included whether neighbors could be trusted or were perceived to be physically active. Safety-related perceptions included neighborhood safety, the safety of public recreation facilities, problems with unattended dogs, traffic volume, and streetlight quality. Logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between environmental supports and PA and walking stratified by race. RESULTS: No association between perceived neighborhood environmental supports and PA or walking was observed in African Americans. Among whites, individuals who perceived their neighbors as active were twice (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19-3.25) as likely to report meeting the recommendation for PA compared with individuals who did not report their neighbors as active. Whites who perceived their neighbors as active were 2.5 times (95% CI, 1.54-4.08) as likely to report meeting the recommendations for walking than whites who did not, and whites who perceived their neighborhoods as safe were 1.8 times (95% CI, 1.03-3.12) as likely to report meeting the recommendations for walking than whites who did not. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that perceptions of certain social and safety-related environmental supports were strongly associated with meeting the recommendations for PA and walking among white but not African American adults.

AB - INTRODUCTION: This study examined the association between perceptions of social and safety-related environmental attributes and physical activity (PA) and walking in African American and white adults. METHODS: In a random-digit-dial telephone survey, 1165 adults in a rural county in South Carolina answered questions about their perceptions of social and safety-related environmental supports for PA and their overall PA and walking behavior. Social perceptions included whether neighbors could be trusted or were perceived to be physically active. Safety-related perceptions included neighborhood safety, the safety of public recreation facilities, problems with unattended dogs, traffic volume, and streetlight quality. Logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between environmental supports and PA and walking stratified by race. RESULTS: No association between perceived neighborhood environmental supports and PA or walking was observed in African Americans. Among whites, individuals who perceived their neighbors as active were twice (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19-3.25) as likely to report meeting the recommendation for PA compared with individuals who did not report their neighbors as active. Whites who perceived their neighbors as active were 2.5 times (95% CI, 1.54-4.08) as likely to report meeting the recommendations for walking than whites who did not, and whites who perceived their neighborhoods as safe were 1.8 times (95% CI, 1.03-3.12) as likely to report meeting the recommendations for walking than whites who did not. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that perceptions of certain social and safety-related environmental supports were strongly associated with meeting the recommendations for PA and walking among white but not African American adults.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33747819985&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33747819985&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 2

JO - Preventing chronic disease

JF - Preventing chronic disease

SN - 1545-1151

IS - 4

ER -