Perception and recognition memory of words and werds: Two-way mirror effects

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined associative priming of words (e.g., TOAD) and pseudohomophones of those words (e.g., TODE) in lexical decision. In addition to word frequency effects, reliable base-word frequency effects were observed for pseudohomophones: Those based on high-frequency words elicited faster and more accurate correct rejections. Associative priming had disparate effects on high- and low-frequency items. Whereas priming improved performance to high-frequency pseudohomophones, it impaired performance to low-frequency pseudohomophones. The results suggested a resonance process, wherein phonologic identity and semantic priming combine to undermine the veridical perception of infrequent items. We tested this hypothesis in another experiment by administering a surprise recognition memory test after lexical decision. When asked to identify words that were spelled correctly during lexical decision, the participants often misremembered pseudohomophones as correctly spelled items. Patterns of false memory, however, were jointly affected by base-word frequencies and their original responses during lexical decision. Taken together, the results are consistent with resonance accounts of word recognition, wherein bottom-up and top-down information sources coalesce into correct, and sometimes illusory, perception. The results are also consistent with a recent lexical decision model, REM-LD, that emphasizes memory retrieval and top-down matching processes in lexical decision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1511
Number of pages17
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume34
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2006

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Semantics
Mirror Effect
Recognition Memory
Lexical Decision
Recognition (Psychology)
Associative Priming
Word Frequency Effect
Top-down
Base Word
Word Frequency
Rejection (Psychology)
Bottom-up
Experiment
Rejection
Priming
Surprise
Semantic Priming
Word Recognition
False Memory
Memory Retrieval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Perception and recognition memory of words and werds : Two-way mirror effects. / Becker, David; Goldinger, Stephen; Stone, Greg.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 34, No. 7, 10.2006, p. 1495-1511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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