Perceived stigma of povertyand depression: Examination of interpersonal and intrapersonal mediators

Kristin Mickelson, Stacey L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the perceived stigma of poverty by assessing individuals' negative feelings about being poor (internalized stigma), and their beliefs about whether others treat them as stigmatized (experienced stigma). In a combined sample of low-income women (N = 210), we tested a dual-pathway model to explain how these perceived stigma dimensions are related to depression among the impoverished. We proposed that interpersonal (i.e., impaired support availability and heightened fear of support request rejection) and infrapersonal factors (i.e., impaired self-esteem) differentially mediate the relationship of internalized and experienced poverty stigma with depression. Structural equation modeling partially supported the model: internalized stigma and depression were partially mediated by self-esteem and fear of rejection, while experienced stigma was related to depression through fear of rejection only. In other words, internalized and experienced perceived stigma activate separate and similar mechanisms to influence depression among the poor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)903-930
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Depression
Self Concept
Fear
Poverty
Emotions
Rejection (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Perceived stigma of povertyand depression : Examination of interpersonal and intrapersonal mediators. / Mickelson, Kristin; Williams, Stacey L.

In: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 27, No. 9, 2008, p. 903-930.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c137966fa0514539b53c297fcb05cc31,
title = "Perceived stigma of povertyand depression: Examination of interpersonal and intrapersonal mediators",
abstract = "This study examines the perceived stigma of poverty by assessing individuals' negative feelings about being poor (internalized stigma), and their beliefs about whether others treat them as stigmatized (experienced stigma). In a combined sample of low-income women (N = 210), we tested a dual-pathway model to explain how these perceived stigma dimensions are related to depression among the impoverished. We proposed that interpersonal (i.e., impaired support availability and heightened fear of support request rejection) and infrapersonal factors (i.e., impaired self-esteem) differentially mediate the relationship of internalized and experienced poverty stigma with depression. Structural equation modeling partially supported the model: internalized stigma and depression were partially mediated by self-esteem and fear of rejection, while experienced stigma was related to depression through fear of rejection only. In other words, internalized and experienced perceived stigma activate separate and similar mechanisms to influence depression among the poor.",
author = "Kristin Mickelson and Williams, {Stacey L.}",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1521/jscp.2008.27.9.903",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "903--930",
journal = "Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0736-7236",
publisher = "Guilford Publications",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceived stigma of povertyand depression

T2 - Examination of interpersonal and intrapersonal mediators

AU - Mickelson, Kristin

AU - Williams, Stacey L.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - This study examines the perceived stigma of poverty by assessing individuals' negative feelings about being poor (internalized stigma), and their beliefs about whether others treat them as stigmatized (experienced stigma). In a combined sample of low-income women (N = 210), we tested a dual-pathway model to explain how these perceived stigma dimensions are related to depression among the impoverished. We proposed that interpersonal (i.e., impaired support availability and heightened fear of support request rejection) and infrapersonal factors (i.e., impaired self-esteem) differentially mediate the relationship of internalized and experienced poverty stigma with depression. Structural equation modeling partially supported the model: internalized stigma and depression were partially mediated by self-esteem and fear of rejection, while experienced stigma was related to depression through fear of rejection only. In other words, internalized and experienced perceived stigma activate separate and similar mechanisms to influence depression among the poor.

AB - This study examines the perceived stigma of poverty by assessing individuals' negative feelings about being poor (internalized stigma), and their beliefs about whether others treat them as stigmatized (experienced stigma). In a combined sample of low-income women (N = 210), we tested a dual-pathway model to explain how these perceived stigma dimensions are related to depression among the impoverished. We proposed that interpersonal (i.e., impaired support availability and heightened fear of support request rejection) and infrapersonal factors (i.e., impaired self-esteem) differentially mediate the relationship of internalized and experienced poverty stigma with depression. Structural equation modeling partially supported the model: internalized stigma and depression were partially mediated by self-esteem and fear of rejection, while experienced stigma was related to depression through fear of rejection only. In other words, internalized and experienced perceived stigma activate separate and similar mechanisms to influence depression among the poor.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=61449158838&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=61449158838&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1521/jscp.2008.27.9.903

DO - 10.1521/jscp.2008.27.9.903

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:61449158838

VL - 27

SP - 903

EP - 930

JO - Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology

SN - 0736-7236

IS - 9

ER -