Perceived health status and cardiometabolic risk among a sample of youth in Mexico

Yvonne N. Flores, Gabriel Shaibi, Leo S. Morales, Jorge Salmerón, Anne M. Skalicky, Todd C. Edwards, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo, Donald L. Patrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To examine differences in self-reported perceived mental and physical health status, as well as known cardiometabolic risk factors in a sample of normal weight, overweight, and obese Mexican youths. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 164 youths aged 11–18 years recruited in Cuernavaca, Mexico. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire that included measures of generic and weight-specific quality of life, perceived health, physical function, depressive symptoms, and body shape satisfaction. Height, weight, and waist circumference were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was determined. Fasting blood samples from participants yielded levels of glucose, triglycerides, and cholesterol (total, HDL, and LDL). Results: Nearly 50 % of participants were female, 21 % had a normal BMI, 39 % were overweight, and 40 % were obese. Obese youths reported significantly lower measures of perceived health status (PHS) and showed an increase in cardiometabolic risk, compared with normal weight youths. Physical functioning, generic and weight-specific QoL were inversely associated with BMI, waist circumference, and glucose. Depressive symptoms were positively correlated with BMI, waist circumference, glucose levels, and HDL cholesterol. No correlation was found between PHS and cardiometabolic risk measures after controlling for BMI. Conclusions: In this sample of Mexican youths, obesity was associated with a significantly lower PHS and increased cardiometabolic risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1887-1897
Number of pages11
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2015

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Mexico
  • Obesity
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Flores, Y. N., Shaibi, G., Morales, L. S., Salmerón, J., Skalicky, A. M., Edwards, T. C., Gallegos-Carrillo, K., & Patrick, D. L. (2015). Perceived health status and cardiometabolic risk among a sample of youth in Mexico. Quality of Life Research, 24(8), 1887-1897. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-015-0922-x