Perceived environmental barriers and behavioral factors as possible mediators between acculturation and leisure-Time physical activity among Mexican American Adults

Carla L. Dellaserra, Noe C. Crespo, Michael Todd, Jennifer Huberty, Sonia Vega-Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The association between acculturation and physical activity (PA) among Mexican American (MA) adults is not understood. This study assessed potential mediating factors that may explain these associations among 75 healthy MA adults [age: 37.5 (9.3) y; 65.3% female]. Methods: Secondary data analysis using hierarchical logistic regression examined whether perceived environmental barriers, social support, and intention to exercise potentially mediated relationships between acculturation level, and total and leisure-Time moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). Data were collected via questionnaire. Results: Most participants (67%) reported lower average household monthly incomes ($0-$3000), completed some college or obtained a college degree (64.4%), and were first generation immigrants (59%). Acculturation was associated with greater odds of engaging in total MVPA [odds ratio (OR) = 1.7; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.2-2.4] and leisure-Time MVPA (OR = 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-1.2). Perceived environmental barriers were associated with greater odds of engaging in both total and leisure-Time MVPA (OR = 4.3; 95% CI, 2.1-5.8 and OR = 5.5; 95% CI, 2.0-7.0, respectively), and social support was associated with greater odds for total MVPA (OR = 3.7; 95% CI, 1.1-6.4). Conclusions: Results provide preliminary evidence for mediating factors that may explain the relationship between acculturation level and PA among MAadults. Contradicting prior evidence, results suggest that PA engagement, despite perceived environmental barriers, is possible among MA adults having stronger social support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-691
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

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Acculturation
Leisure Activities
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Exercise
Social Support
Logistic Models

Keywords

  • Community-based research
  • Environment
  • Health determinants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Perceived environmental barriers and behavioral factors as possible mediators between acculturation and leisure-Time physical activity among Mexican American Adults",
abstract = "Background: The association between acculturation and physical activity (PA) among Mexican American (MA) adults is not understood. This study assessed potential mediating factors that may explain these associations among 75 healthy MA adults [age: 37.5 (9.3) y; 65.3{\%} female]. Methods: Secondary data analysis using hierarchical logistic regression examined whether perceived environmental barriers, social support, and intention to exercise potentially mediated relationships between acculturation level, and total and leisure-Time moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). Data were collected via questionnaire. Results: Most participants (67{\%}) reported lower average household monthly incomes ($0-$3000), completed some college or obtained a college degree (64.4{\%}), and were first generation immigrants (59{\%}). Acculturation was associated with greater odds of engaging in total MVPA [odds ratio (OR) = 1.7; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI), 1.2-2.4] and leisure-Time MVPA (OR = 1.6; 95{\%} CI, 1.1-1.2). Perceived environmental barriers were associated with greater odds of engaging in both total and leisure-Time MVPA (OR = 4.3; 95{\%} CI, 2.1-5.8 and OR = 5.5; 95{\%} CI, 2.0-7.0, respectively), and social support was associated with greater odds for total MVPA (OR = 3.7; 95{\%} CI, 1.1-6.4). Conclusions: Results provide preliminary evidence for mediating factors that may explain the relationship between acculturation level and PA among MAadults. Contradicting prior evidence, results suggest that PA engagement, despite perceived environmental barriers, is possible among MA adults having stronger social support.",
keywords = "Community-based research, Environment, Health determinants",
author = "Dellaserra, {Carla L.} and Crespo, {Noe C.} and Michael Todd and Jennifer Huberty and Sonia Vega-Lopez",
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T1 - Perceived environmental barriers and behavioral factors as possible mediators between acculturation and leisure-Time physical activity among Mexican American Adults

AU - Dellaserra, Carla L.

AU - Crespo, Noe C.

AU - Todd, Michael

AU - Huberty, Jennifer

AU - Vega-Lopez, Sonia

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Background: The association between acculturation and physical activity (PA) among Mexican American (MA) adults is not understood. This study assessed potential mediating factors that may explain these associations among 75 healthy MA adults [age: 37.5 (9.3) y; 65.3% female]. Methods: Secondary data analysis using hierarchical logistic regression examined whether perceived environmental barriers, social support, and intention to exercise potentially mediated relationships between acculturation level, and total and leisure-Time moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). Data were collected via questionnaire. Results: Most participants (67%) reported lower average household monthly incomes ($0-$3000), completed some college or obtained a college degree (64.4%), and were first generation immigrants (59%). Acculturation was associated with greater odds of engaging in total MVPA [odds ratio (OR) = 1.7; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.2-2.4] and leisure-Time MVPA (OR = 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-1.2). Perceived environmental barriers were associated with greater odds of engaging in both total and leisure-Time MVPA (OR = 4.3; 95% CI, 2.1-5.8 and OR = 5.5; 95% CI, 2.0-7.0, respectively), and social support was associated with greater odds for total MVPA (OR = 3.7; 95% CI, 1.1-6.4). Conclusions: Results provide preliminary evidence for mediating factors that may explain the relationship between acculturation level and PA among MAadults. Contradicting prior evidence, results suggest that PA engagement, despite perceived environmental barriers, is possible among MA adults having stronger social support.

AB - Background: The association between acculturation and physical activity (PA) among Mexican American (MA) adults is not understood. This study assessed potential mediating factors that may explain these associations among 75 healthy MA adults [age: 37.5 (9.3) y; 65.3% female]. Methods: Secondary data analysis using hierarchical logistic regression examined whether perceived environmental barriers, social support, and intention to exercise potentially mediated relationships between acculturation level, and total and leisure-Time moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). Data were collected via questionnaire. Results: Most participants (67%) reported lower average household monthly incomes ($0-$3000), completed some college or obtained a college degree (64.4%), and were first generation immigrants (59%). Acculturation was associated with greater odds of engaging in total MVPA [odds ratio (OR) = 1.7; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.2-2.4] and leisure-Time MVPA (OR = 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-1.2). Perceived environmental barriers were associated with greater odds of engaging in both total and leisure-Time MVPA (OR = 4.3; 95% CI, 2.1-5.8 and OR = 5.5; 95% CI, 2.0-7.0, respectively), and social support was associated with greater odds for total MVPA (OR = 3.7; 95% CI, 1.1-6.4). Conclusions: Results provide preliminary evidence for mediating factors that may explain the relationship between acculturation level and PA among MAadults. Contradicting prior evidence, results suggest that PA engagement, despite perceived environmental barriers, is possible among MA adults having stronger social support.

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