Perceived changes in well-being: The role of chronological age, target age, and type of measure

Morris A. Okun, Julie L. Dittburner, Barbara P. Huff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


The goal of this study is to investigate whether perceived changes in one's well-being from the present to the future are related to chronological age, target age, and type of measure (psychological well-being versus life satisfaction). Young adults (N = 114) rated their current well-being and their future well-being at one of three target ages (30, 50, or 70 years old) and middle-aged adults (N = 51) rated their current well-being and future well-being at the target age of 70 years old. Future self-enhancement effects were observed on both measures of well-being for young adults and on life satisfaction for middle-aged adults. Future self-enhancement effects were greater for life satisfaction than for psychological well-being. One-way MANOVAs showed that there were chronological age differences but not target age differences in the magnitude of future self-enhancement effects for well-being. Future self-enhancement effects were larger for young adults than for middle-aged adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-278
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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