Peer influence in children and adolescents: Crossing the bridge from developmental to intervention science

Mary Gifford-Smith, Kenneth A. Dodge, Thomas J. Dishion, Joan McCord

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

210 Scopus citations

Abstract

Considerable evidence supports the hypothesis that peer relationships influence the growth of problem behavior in youth. Developmental research consistently documents the high levels of covariation between peer and youth deviance, even controlling for selection effects. Ironically, the most common public interventions for deviant youth involve segregation from mainstream peers and aggregation into settings with other deviant youth. Developmental research on peer influence suggests that desired positive effects of group interventions in education, mental health, juvenile justice, and community programming may be offset by deviant peer influences in these settings. Given the public health policy issues raised by these findings, there is a need to better understand the conditions under which these peer contagion effects are most pronounced with respect to intervention foci and context, the child's developmental level, and specific strategies for managing youth behavior in groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-265
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Antisocial behavior
  • Conduct problems
  • Delinquency
  • Iatrogenic effects
  • Intervention
  • Peer contagion
  • Peer relations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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