Upon photoinitiated electron transfer, charge recombination limits the quantum yield of photoredox reactions for which the rates for the forward reaction and back electron transfer are competitive. Taking inspiration from a proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) process in Photosystem II, a benzimidazole-phenol (BIP) has been covalently attached to the 2,2′-bipyridyl ligand of [Ir(dF(CF3)ppy)2(bpy)][PF6] (dF(CF3)ppy = 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine; bpy = 2,2′-bipyridyl). Excitation of the [Ir(dF(CF3)ppy)2(BIP-bpy)][PF6] photocatalyst results in intramolecular PCET to form a charge-separated state with oxidized BIP. Subsequent reduction of methyl viologen dication (MV2+), a substrate surrogate, by the reducing moiety of the charge separated species demonstrates that the inclusion of BIP significantly slows the charge recombination rate. The effect of ∼24-fold slower charge recombination in a photocatalytic phthalimide ester reduction resulted in a greater than 2-fold increase in reaction quantum efficiency.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry