Paul and Peter lakes: a liming experiment revisited.

M. M. Elser, James Elser, S. R. Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Physical and chemical changes in limed Peter Lakes, Michigan, included increases in pH, alkalinity, dissolved inorganic carbon concentration, transparency, oxygen content and summer heat content. These changes occurred rapidly in 1951 and have persisted with little variability until 1984. Several differences in algal and zooplankton community composition and dynamics were associated with the physical and chemical changes. The planktonic community structure of Peter Lake has been more variable than that of unlimed Paul Lake. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-295
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Midland Naturalist
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology

Cite this

Elser, M. M., Elser, J., & Carpenter, S. R. (1986). Paul and Peter lakes: a liming experiment revisited. American Midland Naturalist, 116(2), 282-295.