Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes in relation to children's physical activity

Jonathan M. Kurka, Marc Adams, Michael Todd, Trina Colburn, James F. Sallis, Kelli L. Cain, Karen Glanz, Lawrence D. Frank, Brian E. Saelens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Characterizing neighborhood environments in relation to physical activity is complex. Latent profiles of parents' perceptions of neighborhood characteristics were examined in relation to accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among 678 children (ages 6-12) in two US regions. Neighborhood environment profiles derived from walkability, transit access, aesthetics, crime and traffic safety, pedestrian infrastructure, and recreation/park access were created for each region. The San Diego County profile lowest on walkability and recreation/park access was associated with an average of 13 fewer min/day of children's out-of-school MVPA compared to profiles higher on walkability and recreation/park access. Seattle/King County profiles did not differ on children's MVPA. Neighborhood environment profiles were associated with children's MVPA in one region, but results were inconsistent across regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-170
Number of pages7
JournalHealth and Place
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Built environment
  • Exercise
  • Latent profile analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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