Patterns of gender development

Carol Martin, Diane N. Ruble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

140 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comprehensive theory of gender development must describe and explain long-term developmental patterning and changes and how gender is experienced in the short term. This review considers multiple views on gender patterning, illustrated with contemporary research. First, because developmental research involves understanding normative patterns of change with age, several theoretically important topics illustrate gender development: how children come to recognize gender distinctions and understand stereotypes, and the emergence of prejudice and sexism. Second, developmental researchers study the stability of individual differences over time, which elucidates developmental processes. We review stability in two domains-sex segregation and activities/interests. Finally, a new approach advances understanding of developmental patterns, based on dynamic systems theory. Dynamic systems theory is a metatheoretical framework for studying stability and change, which developed from the study of complex and nonlinear systems in physics and mathematics. Some major features and examples show how dynamic approaches have been and could be applied in studying gender development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-381
Number of pages29
JournalAnnual Review of Psychology
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2010

Fingerprint

Systems Theory
Sexism
Mathematics
Physics
Child Development
Research
Individuality
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Dynamic systems
  • Gender typing
  • Sex segregation
  • Stereotypes
  • Timescales

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Patterns of gender development. / Martin, Carol; Ruble, Diane N.

In: Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 61, 10.01.2010, p. 353-381.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martin, Carol ; Ruble, Diane N. / Patterns of gender development. In: Annual Review of Psychology. 2010 ; Vol. 61. pp. 353-381.
@article{95fd9d8603f141d28c865d3e897d9faa,
title = "Patterns of gender development",
abstract = "A comprehensive theory of gender development must describe and explain long-term developmental patterning and changes and how gender is experienced in the short term. This review considers multiple views on gender patterning, illustrated with contemporary research. First, because developmental research involves understanding normative patterns of change with age, several theoretically important topics illustrate gender development: how children come to recognize gender distinctions and understand stereotypes, and the emergence of prejudice and sexism. Second, developmental researchers study the stability of individual differences over time, which elucidates developmental processes. We review stability in two domains-sex segregation and activities/interests. Finally, a new approach advances understanding of developmental patterns, based on dynamic systems theory. Dynamic systems theory is a metatheoretical framework for studying stability and change, which developed from the study of complex and nonlinear systems in physics and mathematics. Some major features and examples show how dynamic approaches have been and could be applied in studying gender development.",
keywords = "Dynamic systems, Gender typing, Sex segregation, Stereotypes, Timescales",
author = "Carol Martin and Ruble, {Diane N.}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100511",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "61",
pages = "353--381",
journal = "Annual Review of Psychology",
issn = "0066-4308",
publisher = "Annual Reviews Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Patterns of gender development

AU - Martin, Carol

AU - Ruble, Diane N.

PY - 2010/1/10

Y1 - 2010/1/10

N2 - A comprehensive theory of gender development must describe and explain long-term developmental patterning and changes and how gender is experienced in the short term. This review considers multiple views on gender patterning, illustrated with contemporary research. First, because developmental research involves understanding normative patterns of change with age, several theoretically important topics illustrate gender development: how children come to recognize gender distinctions and understand stereotypes, and the emergence of prejudice and sexism. Second, developmental researchers study the stability of individual differences over time, which elucidates developmental processes. We review stability in two domains-sex segregation and activities/interests. Finally, a new approach advances understanding of developmental patterns, based on dynamic systems theory. Dynamic systems theory is a metatheoretical framework for studying stability and change, which developed from the study of complex and nonlinear systems in physics and mathematics. Some major features and examples show how dynamic approaches have been and could be applied in studying gender development.

AB - A comprehensive theory of gender development must describe and explain long-term developmental patterning and changes and how gender is experienced in the short term. This review considers multiple views on gender patterning, illustrated with contemporary research. First, because developmental research involves understanding normative patterns of change with age, several theoretically important topics illustrate gender development: how children come to recognize gender distinctions and understand stereotypes, and the emergence of prejudice and sexism. Second, developmental researchers study the stability of individual differences over time, which elucidates developmental processes. We review stability in two domains-sex segregation and activities/interests. Finally, a new approach advances understanding of developmental patterns, based on dynamic systems theory. Dynamic systems theory is a metatheoretical framework for studying stability and change, which developed from the study of complex and nonlinear systems in physics and mathematics. Some major features and examples show how dynamic approaches have been and could be applied in studying gender development.

KW - Dynamic systems

KW - Gender typing

KW - Sex segregation

KW - Stereotypes

KW - Timescales

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77449112628&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77449112628&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100511

DO - 10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100511

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 353

EP - 381

JO - Annual Review of Psychology

JF - Annual Review of Psychology

SN - 0066-4308

ER -