Patterns of Adjustment among Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: a Person-Centered Approach

Shelby Elaine McDonald, Sandra A. Graham-Bermann, Anna Maternick, Frank R. Ascione, James Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined profiles of adjustment in an ethnically diverse sample of 291 school-age children recruited from community-based domestic violence services. Using latent profile analysis (LPA), six domains of adjustment were examined: social problems, attention problems, internalizing behavior, externalizing behavior, empathy, and callous/unemotional traits. Results of the LPA provided support for three distinct profiles of socioemotional functioning among children in the sample: Resilient (66 %; n = 191), Struggling (28 %; n = 83), and Severe Maladjustment (6 %; n = 17). Variables that distinguished between the profiles included: children’s race/ethnicity, exposure to concomitant animal cruelty, relationship to the abusive partner, and the duration of their maternal caregiver’s experience of IPV. Study results lend support to previous research suggesting differential patterns of socioemotional adjustment among children exposed to IPV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-152
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Trauma
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Animal Welfare
Domestic Violence
Social Problems
Caregivers
Mothers
Research
Intimate Partner Violence

Keywords

  • Adjustment
  • Animal cruelty
  • CU traits
  • Domestic violence
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Patterns of Adjustment among Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence : a Person-Centered Approach. / McDonald, Shelby Elaine; Graham-Bermann, Sandra A.; Maternick, Anna; Ascione, Frank R.; Williams, James.

In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, Vol. 9, No. 2, 01.06.2016, p. 137-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McDonald, Shelby Elaine ; Graham-Bermann, Sandra A. ; Maternick, Anna ; Ascione, Frank R. ; Williams, James. / Patterns of Adjustment among Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence : a Person-Centered Approach. In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma. 2016 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 137-152.
@article{2ccb684178234f4eb2c7c4f4ef66e422,
title = "Patterns of Adjustment among Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence: a Person-Centered Approach",
abstract = "This study examined profiles of adjustment in an ethnically diverse sample of 291 school-age children recruited from community-based domestic violence services. Using latent profile analysis (LPA), six domains of adjustment were examined: social problems, attention problems, internalizing behavior, externalizing behavior, empathy, and callous/unemotional traits. Results of the LPA provided support for three distinct profiles of socioemotional functioning among children in the sample: Resilient (66 {\%}; n = 191), Struggling (28 {\%}; n = 83), and Severe Maladjustment (6 {\%}; n = 17). Variables that distinguished between the profiles included: children’s race/ethnicity, exposure to concomitant animal cruelty, relationship to the abusive partner, and the duration of their maternal caregiver’s experience of IPV. Study results lend support to previous research suggesting differential patterns of socioemotional adjustment among children exposed to IPV.",
keywords = "Adjustment, Animal cruelty, CU traits, Domestic violence, Resilience",
author = "McDonald, {Shelby Elaine} and Graham-Bermann, {Sandra A.} and Anna Maternick and Ascione, {Frank R.} and James Williams",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s40653-016-0079-y",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "137--152",
journal = "Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma",
issn = "1936-1521",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Patterns of Adjustment among Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence

T2 - a Person-Centered Approach

AU - McDonald, Shelby Elaine

AU - Graham-Bermann, Sandra A.

AU - Maternick, Anna

AU - Ascione, Frank R.

AU - Williams, James

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - This study examined profiles of adjustment in an ethnically diverse sample of 291 school-age children recruited from community-based domestic violence services. Using latent profile analysis (LPA), six domains of adjustment were examined: social problems, attention problems, internalizing behavior, externalizing behavior, empathy, and callous/unemotional traits. Results of the LPA provided support for three distinct profiles of socioemotional functioning among children in the sample: Resilient (66 %; n = 191), Struggling (28 %; n = 83), and Severe Maladjustment (6 %; n = 17). Variables that distinguished between the profiles included: children’s race/ethnicity, exposure to concomitant animal cruelty, relationship to the abusive partner, and the duration of their maternal caregiver’s experience of IPV. Study results lend support to previous research suggesting differential patterns of socioemotional adjustment among children exposed to IPV.

AB - This study examined profiles of adjustment in an ethnically diverse sample of 291 school-age children recruited from community-based domestic violence services. Using latent profile analysis (LPA), six domains of adjustment were examined: social problems, attention problems, internalizing behavior, externalizing behavior, empathy, and callous/unemotional traits. Results of the LPA provided support for three distinct profiles of socioemotional functioning among children in the sample: Resilient (66 %; n = 191), Struggling (28 %; n = 83), and Severe Maladjustment (6 %; n = 17). Variables that distinguished between the profiles included: children’s race/ethnicity, exposure to concomitant animal cruelty, relationship to the abusive partner, and the duration of their maternal caregiver’s experience of IPV. Study results lend support to previous research suggesting differential patterns of socioemotional adjustment among children exposed to IPV.

KW - Adjustment

KW - Animal cruelty

KW - CU traits

KW - Domestic violence

KW - Resilience

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84971492757&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84971492757&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s40653-016-0079-y

DO - 10.1007/s40653-016-0079-y

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84971492757

VL - 9

SP - 137

EP - 152

JO - Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma

JF - Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma

SN - 1936-1521

IS - 2

ER -