Pathway of activation by magnesium ions of substrates for the catalytic subunit of RNase P from Escherichia coli

Jean Pierre Perreault, Sidney Altman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pathway is described for activation by Mg2+ of substrates for M1 RNA, the catalytic subunit of the RNase P from Escherichia coli. The dissociation constants are reported for binding of Mg2+ to the substrate and for the binding of the metal ion-substrate complex to the enzyme. The enzyme binds the substrate with the same affinity whether or not Mg2+ is already bound to the substate. However, only substrates with bound Mg2+ can make a productive ternary complex when combined with the enzyme. The presence of certain 2'-hydroxyl groups in the substrate is required to stabilize the binding of Mg2+ and, thereby, to increase the lifetime of the ternary complex. An energy profile for the reaction of M1 RNA with a small model substrate is presented and the role of Mg2+ bound to the substrate is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-756
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of molecular biology
Volume230
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 5 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catalytic RNA
  • Mg-binding site
  • RNA-DNA substrates
  • RNase P
  • Substrate activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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