Partitioning of Ru, Rh, Pd, Re, Ir, and Au between Cr-bearing spinel, olivine, pyroxene and silicate melts

K. Righter, A. J. Campbell, M. Humayun, Richard Hervig

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228 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of high temperature experiments was undertaken to study partitioning of several highly siderophile elements (HSE; Ru, Rh, Pd, Re, Os, Ir, Pt and Au) between Cr-rich spinel, olivine, pyroxene and silicate melt. Runs were carried out on a Hawaiian ankaramite, a synthetic eucrite basalt, and a DiAn eutectic melt, at one bar, 19 kbar, and 20 kbar, respectively, in the temperature range of 1200 to 1300°C, at oxygen fugacities between the nickel-nickel oxide (NNO) and hematite-magnetite (HM) oxygen buffers. High oxygen fugacities were used to suppress the formation of HSE-rich "nuggets" in the silicate melts. The resulting oxide and silicate crystals (<100 μm) were analyzed using both SIMS and LA-ICP-MS, with a spatial resolution of 15 to 50 μm. Rhenium, Au and Pd were all found to be incompatible in Cr-rich spinel (DResp/melt = 0.0012-0.21, DAusp/melt = 0.076, DPdsp/melt = 0.14), whereas Rh, Ru and Ir were all found to be highly compatible (DRhsp/melt = 41-530, DRusp/melt = 76-1143, DIrsp/melt = 5-22000). Rhenium, Pd, Au and Ru were all found to be incompatible in olivine (DReoliv/melt = 0.017-0.073, DPdoliv/melt = 0.12, DAuoliv/melt = 0.12, DRuoliv/melt = 0.23), Re is incompatible in orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene (DReopx/melt = 0.013, DRecpx/melt = 0.18-0.21), and Pt is compatible in clinopyroxene (DPtcpx/melt = 1.5). The results are compared to and combined with previous work on HSE partitioning among spinel-structured oxides, and applied to some natural magmatic suites to demonstrate consistency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-880
Number of pages14
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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