Participation in structured STEM-focused out-of-school time programs in secondary school: Linkage to postsecondary STEM aspiration and major

Hsun Yu Chan, Hyejin Choi, Meseret F. Hailu, Melinda Whitford, Sheila Duplechain DeRouen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we explore how secondary school students' participation in structured, math- and science-focused programs outside of school is associated with the aspiration to, and actual enrollment in, a STEM major in college. Moreover, we examine how varying sociodemographic backgrounds are related to their participation in these programs. Using expectancy-value theory and social cognitive career theory as our conceptual frameworks, we conduct a path analysis based on a nationally representative panel dataset. Results indicate that students who participate in structured science-focused out-of-school programs in eighth grade are more likely to express an aspiration to and choosing a STEM major in college. The intersection of sociodemographic backgrounds further highlights the intricate differences in math-focused programs participation outside of school between Latinx and White adolescents of varying socioeconomic status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1250-1280
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Research in Science Teaching
Volume57
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • STEM
  • STEM aspiration
  • STEM major
  • interest
  • out-of-school programs
  • self-efficacy beliefs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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