Parenting style and smoking-specific parenting practices as predictors of adolescent smoking onset

Laurie Chassin, Clark Presson, Jennifer Rose, Steven J. Sherman, Matthew J. Davis, Jeremy L. Gonzalez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To test whether parenting style and smoking-specific parenting practices prospectively predicted adolescent smoking. Methods: Three hundred eighty-two adolescents (age 10-17 years, initial nonsmokers, 98% non-Hispanic whites) and their parents were interviewed, with smoking also assessed 1-2 years later. Results: Adolescents from disengaged families (low acceptance and low behavioral control) were most likely to initiate smoking. Adolescents' reports of parents' smoking-related discussion was related to lowered smoking risk for adolescents with nonsmoking parents, but unrelated to smoking onset for adolescents with smoking parents. Smoking-specific parenting practices did not account for the effects of general parenting styles. Conclusions: Both parenting style and smoking-specific parenting practices have unique effects on adolescent smoking, although effects were largely confined to adolescents' reports; and for smoking-specific parenting practices, effects were confined to families with nonsmoking parents. Interventions that focus only on smoking-specific parenting practices may be insufficient to deter adolescent smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-344
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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