Parenteral nutritional support in the small animal patient.

R. L. Remillard, Craig Thatcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malnutrition has a direct relationship to complications associated with ineffective wound and fracture healing, inadequate immune responses, decreased tolerance to cancer therapy, muscle weakness, and certain organ dysfunctions (heart and liver). Malnutrition combined with disease, injury, or stress increases the metabolic rate in patients above that of resting. These patients are undergoing an accelerated form of starvation, which is more common than presently recognized in veterinary medicine and may be responsible for the less than optimal responses to proper therapies. Diseased or injured patients unable to digest or absorb nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract require additional medical support in the form of parenteral nutrition. Advances in parenteral solutions, products, and delivery systems make parenteral nutritional support possible in veterinary medicine, although not possible in all small animal practices. Proper patient selection, well-informed clients, dedicated technicians, and knowledgeable veterinarians are all essential in the successful implementation of parenteral nutritional support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1287-1306
Number of pages20
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Volume19
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Nutritional Support
nutritional support
Veterinary Medicine
Malnutrition
Muscle Neoplasms
malnutrition
veterinary medicine
Fracture Healing
Veterinarians
Parenteral Nutrition
Muscle Weakness
Starvation
small animal practice
Wound Healing
therapeutics
Patient Selection
Gastrointestinal Tract
Liver Diseases
technicians
parenteral feeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Parenteral nutritional support in the small animal patient. / Remillard, R. L.; Thatcher, Craig.

In: Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice, Vol. 19, No. 6, 11.1989, p. 1287-1306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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