Parental Socialization of Emotion

Nancy Eisenberg, Amanda Cumberland, Tracy Spinrad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

992 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, there has been a resurgence of research on emotion, including the socialization of emotion. In this article, a heuristic model of factors contributing to the socialization of emotion is presented. Then literature relevant to the socialization of children's emotion and emotion-related behavior by parents is reviewed, including (a) parental reactions to children's emotions, (b) socializers' discussion of emotion, and (c) socializers' expression of emotion. The relevant literature is not conclusive and most of the research is correlational. However, the existing body of data provides initial support for the view that parental socialization practices have effects on children's emotional and social competence and that the socialization process is bidirectional. In particular, parental negative emotionality and negative reactions to children's expression of emotion are associated with children's negative emotionality and low social competence. In addition, possible moderators of effects such as level of emotional arousal are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-273
Number of pages33
JournalPsychological Inquiry
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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