Parental coping with children's negative emotions: Relations with children's emotional and social responding

Richard Fabes, Stacie A. Leonard, Kristina Kupanoff, Carol Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

152 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the relation between parents' reactions to children's negative emotions and social competence. Additionally, the role of parental emotional distress in children's emotional socialization was examined. The emotional reactions of 57 preschoolers (33 girls, 24 boys; M age = 59.2 months) were observed during heir free-play interactions. Parents (mostly mothers) completed questionnaires about their reactions to children's negative emotions. An index of children's social competence was obtained from teachers. Results indicated that the relation between harsh parental coping strategies and children's emotional responding was moderated by parental distress. In addition, the relation of the interaction of parental coping and distress to children's social competence was mediated by children's level of emotional intensity. It was concluded that distressed parents who use harsh coping strategies in response to children's negative emotions have children who express emotion in relatively intense ways. In turn, these children find it relatively difficult to behave in a socially competent manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)907-920
Number of pages14
JournalChild Development
Volume72
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2001

Fingerprint

Emotions
coping
emotion
social competence
parents
Parents
Socialization
interaction
socialization
Mothers
questionnaire
teacher
Social Skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Parental coping with children's negative emotions : Relations with children's emotional and social responding. / Fabes, Richard; Leonard, Stacie A.; Kupanoff, Kristina; Martin, Carol.

In: Child Development, Vol. 72, No. 3, 05.2001, p. 907-920.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{52933bd8a8cb446d93022522f27543d0,
title = "Parental coping with children's negative emotions: Relations with children's emotional and social responding",
abstract = "This study examined the relation between parents' reactions to children's negative emotions and social competence. Additionally, the role of parental emotional distress in children's emotional socialization was examined. The emotional reactions of 57 preschoolers (33 girls, 24 boys; M age = 59.2 months) were observed during heir free-play interactions. Parents (mostly mothers) completed questionnaires about their reactions to children's negative emotions. An index of children's social competence was obtained from teachers. Results indicated that the relation between harsh parental coping strategies and children's emotional responding was moderated by parental distress. In addition, the relation of the interaction of parental coping and distress to children's social competence was mediated by children's level of emotional intensity. It was concluded that distressed parents who use harsh coping strategies in response to children's negative emotions have children who express emotion in relatively intense ways. In turn, these children find it relatively difficult to behave in a socially competent manner.",
author = "Richard Fabes and Leonard, {Stacie A.} and Kristina Kupanoff and Carol Martin",
year = "2001",
month = "5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "72",
pages = "907--920",
journal = "Child Development",
issn = "0009-3920",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parental coping with children's negative emotions

T2 - Relations with children's emotional and social responding

AU - Fabes, Richard

AU - Leonard, Stacie A.

AU - Kupanoff, Kristina

AU - Martin, Carol

PY - 2001/5

Y1 - 2001/5

N2 - This study examined the relation between parents' reactions to children's negative emotions and social competence. Additionally, the role of parental emotional distress in children's emotional socialization was examined. The emotional reactions of 57 preschoolers (33 girls, 24 boys; M age = 59.2 months) were observed during heir free-play interactions. Parents (mostly mothers) completed questionnaires about their reactions to children's negative emotions. An index of children's social competence was obtained from teachers. Results indicated that the relation between harsh parental coping strategies and children's emotional responding was moderated by parental distress. In addition, the relation of the interaction of parental coping and distress to children's social competence was mediated by children's level of emotional intensity. It was concluded that distressed parents who use harsh coping strategies in response to children's negative emotions have children who express emotion in relatively intense ways. In turn, these children find it relatively difficult to behave in a socially competent manner.

AB - This study examined the relation between parents' reactions to children's negative emotions and social competence. Additionally, the role of parental emotional distress in children's emotional socialization was examined. The emotional reactions of 57 preschoolers (33 girls, 24 boys; M age = 59.2 months) were observed during heir free-play interactions. Parents (mostly mothers) completed questionnaires about their reactions to children's negative emotions. An index of children's social competence was obtained from teachers. Results indicated that the relation between harsh parental coping strategies and children's emotional responding was moderated by parental distress. In addition, the relation of the interaction of parental coping and distress to children's social competence was mediated by children's level of emotional intensity. It was concluded that distressed parents who use harsh coping strategies in response to children's negative emotions have children who express emotion in relatively intense ways. In turn, these children find it relatively difficult to behave in a socially competent manner.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035347754&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035347754&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11405590

AN - SCOPUS:0035347754

VL - 72

SP - 907

EP - 920

JO - Child Development

JF - Child Development

SN - 0009-3920

IS - 3

ER -